March 1, 1937
Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed to increase the Supreme Court from 12 to 15 memebers in order to add judges deemed friendly to his New Deal policies and prevent the policies from being ruled unconstitutional. "It was just seven years ago that the U.S. Senate had another great debate on the powers and functions of the Supreme Court, on the question of 'property rights v. human rights.' Occasion of that debate was the nomination of Charles Evans Hughes as Chief Justice" (12).