The Bonus Marchers
Congress passed a bill in 1924 to pay World War I veterans a bonus that
would be based on their time served and that would be paid in
1945. Wright Patman, a congressman from Texas, initiated legislation in 1929 to pay the veterans now for their services, but the bill was defeated. President Hoover opposed immedia
te payment, and prevented the passage of legislation that would allow for it. In 1932, veterans organized and camped out in Washington D.C. to demand their bonus payment. On July 28, Hoover sent in General MacArthur and U.S. Army troops to help remove t
he protestors. Under MacArthur's direction, the troops became aggressive, and two policemen and two veterans were killed.