politics
and
society
  • The Ludlow Resolution, requiring a national referendum on the declaration of war, is shelved.
Movies Released in 1938:
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Alexander's Ragtime Band
Test Pilot
In Old Chicago
The Hurricane
The Adventures of Robin Hood
Marie Antoinette Love Finds Andy Hardy Boys Town
  • House Committe on Un-American Activities established.
    FDR signed the Fair Labor Standards Act that raises minimum wage from 25 cents to 40 cents an hour and limits the work week to 44 hours.
Nonfiction Books Released in 1938:
The Importance of Living--Lin Yutang
With Malice Toward Some--Margaret Halsey
Madame Curie--Eve Curie
Listen! The Wind--Anne Morrow Lindbergh
The Horse and Buggy Doctor--Arthur E. Hartzler
How to Win Friends and Influence People--Dale Carnegie
Benjamin Franklin--Carl Van Doren I'm a Stranger Here Myself--Ogden Nash Alone--Richard E. Byrd
  • FDR presides over the groundbreaking ceremonies for the Jefferson Memorial.
science
and
tech
  • General Motors mass produces diesel engines.
  • DuPont promotes first nylon product--a toothbrush.
  • First U.S. law for required medical tests before a marriage license can be obtained.
  • Howard Hughes flies around world in record time in a LockeeD Vega--3 days, 19 hours, 8 minutes, and 10 seconds.
  • R. N. Harger's "dunkometer" is introduced in Indianapolis as the first breath test for drivers.
1938 January 1938 February 1938 March 1938 April 1938 **************May 1938************** June 1938 July 1938 August 1938 September 1938 ******************October 1938******************* ******************November 1938****************** ******************December 1938******************
culture
  • Benny Goodman plays jazz at Carnegie Hall.
  • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs general release. It's the biggest grossing of the decade. (Gone with the Windmade its money in the 40s.)
  • Our Town by Thorton Wilder opens at the Henry Miller Theatre in NYC
  • Academy Award--Best Picture to The Life of Emile Zole, Best Actress to Luise Rainer, Best Actor to Spencer Tracy, Best Supporting Actress to Alice Brady, Best Supporting Actor to Joseph Schildkraut, and Best Director to Leo McCarey for The Awful Truth
  • Glen Miller forms his jazz orchestra
  • Pulitzer Prizes awarded: fiction--The Late George Apley by John Phillips Marquard, poetry--Cod Morning Sky by Marya Zaturenska, drama--Our Town by Thornton Wilder
      • In boxing Joe Louis defeats Max Schmeling in Yankee Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators--the largest crowd to date.
      • First issue of Action Comicappears with Superman on the cover.
      Fiction Books Released in 1938:
      The Yearling--Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
      The Citadel--A. J. Cronin
      My Son, My Son!--Howard Spring
      Rebecca--Daphne du Maurier
      Northwest Passage--Kenneth Roberts
      All This, and Heaven Too--Rachel Field
      The Rains Came--Louis Bromfield And Tell of Time--Laura Krey The Mortal Storm--Phyllis Bottome
      • Alexander's Ragtime Band premiered as a major hit with 26 Irving Berlin Songs.
    • Hellzapoppin opens on New York. It 1,404 performances it will become the biggest stage success of the decade.
        • War of the Worlds aired causing panic as listeners believe that aliens have landed.
        • Mary Martin, 24, appears in her first stage performance, Leave it to Me! She becomes a sensation after singing "My Heart Belongs to Daddy." (This show is also Gene Kelly's Broadway debut.)
        • Irving Berlin releases "God Bless America" with Kate Smith singing it on Armistice Day.
        Month Inspecific Events
        German measles during pregnancy is related to birth defects
        Aaron Copland composes his ballet, Billy the Kid--called the first of his American works.
        DeBeers creates an aid campaing entitled "Traditions" making diamond ring essential for engagement
        world
        • Hitler announces support of Japan
        • Hitler occupies Austria.
        • Edward R. Murrow gives his first CBS radio "News Roundup"
        • Japanese General Mobilization Law to free Asia from colonization and communism
        Songs Released in 1938:
        "A-Tisket A-Tasket"--Chuck Webb and Ella Fitzgerald
        "Begin the Beguine"--Benny Goodman
        "Bei Mir Mist Du Shon"--Andrews Sisters
        "I'm Gonna Lock My Heart"--Billie Holiday
        • Vincon-Trammel Navel Expansion Act passes including one billion dollar expanion of 2-ocean navy over ten years, expanion of bases and ports, 69 new ships, and increase to 40,000 tons for carriers
        • Korean border skirmish with Soviet troops
        • Kristallnacht ("Night of the Broken Glass")--Anti-Jewish riots in Germany and Austria