Although color television sets weren’t marketed until 1954, CBS engineer Peter Carl Goldmark made the first experimental broadcast of color television from the top of the Chrysler Building in 1940. Born in Hungary and trained in Berlin and Vienna, Goldmark joined CBS as Chief Engineer of the Television Department in 1936. He then developed the system that made color television a practical reality. Goldmark, who formed his own communications company in 1972 after retiring from CBS, is credited with over 160 other inventions, including the forerunner of the VCR, the long playing phonograph record and a system used to transmit photographs to Earth from the moon. Goldmark is shown here with a color wheel.