Representations of American Indians in the Capitol

Preservation of Captain John Smith by Pocahontas, 1606 by Antonio Capellano, 1825. Sandstone. U.S. Capitol Rotunda, above west door.
Landing of the Pilgrims by Enrico Causici, 1825. Sandstone. U.S. Capitol Rotunda, above east door.
Conflict of Daniel Boone and the Indians, 1771. By Enrico Causici, 1826-27, Sandstone, U.S. Capitol Rotunda, above south door.
William Penn's Treaty with the Indians, 1682. By Nicholas Gevelot, 1827.Sandstone, U.S. Captiol Rotunda, above north door.
Aysh-Ke-Bah-Ke-Ko-Zhay by Francis Vincenti. 1858. Marble 24 inches. U.S. Capitol, Senate Wing, Third Floor, east corridor.
Beeshekee by Francis Vincenti. 1854. Marble 33 inches. U.S. Capitol, Senate Wing, third floor, east corridor.
Another view of Beeshekee. These two busts by Vincenti are the exceptions to the noble and ignoble savage representations in the capitol.

All of the following images are from Constantino Brumidi's frieze in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol. Brumidi worked on the frieze from 1877 to his death in 1880. It was then continued by Filippo Costaggini from 1880 to 1888. The frieze was finally completed in 1954. All of Brumidi's friezes incorporate North or South Americans as the conquered savage by direct representation or association.

Landing of Columbus, 1492

Entry of Cortez into the Halls of Montezuma, 1521 (left); Pizarro's Conquest of Peru, 1533 (right)

Midnight Burial of De Soto in the Mississippi, 1542

Pocahontas Saving Life of Capt. John Smith, 1607 (left); Landing of Pilgrims at Plymouth, Mass., 1620 (right)


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