The General Lee: Brawny, tough, sleek, macho,
muscular - and smashed every week
The 'General Lee' may be only a car, but it runs
rings around the other stars of 'The Dukes of Hazzard' - and even gives
TV Guide, May 1, 1982, by David Barry
A flatbed truck is hauling a wrecked 1969 Dodge Charger eastbound on the
Hollywood Freeway, headed for a wrecking yard in Burbank. As a car pulls
by for a close look at the wreck chained to the truck bed, the truck driver
anticipates the anguished expressions that soon form on the faces of the
children staring out at his cargo. He knows that mangled wreck, en route
to the automotive equivalent of the glue factory, is likely to draw tears
of mourning. This has happened before and it's not surprising. The wreck
is more than a 13-year-old car. It's a wrecked TV star - undoubtedly the
most famous car in the history of automobiles. A car seen weekly by an
audience of more than 18 million households; a car whose likeness in kits,
models, posters and games helps generate more than $100 million a year
to Warner Bros. TV.
We're talking, of course, about the famous "General Lee," the
bright-orange, Southern dirt-road express with the Confederate flag on
the roof and racing numbers on the doors. The children on the freeway are
miserable seeing the wreck because they think the one and only General
Lee is finished forever. They don't know that at any given time, several
General Lees are ready for the sacrificial altar of The Dukes of Hazzard.
The wild chase scenes and aerial stunts that delight Dukes fans
eat up stunt cars at the rate of about three per episode, and the car on
the truck is only one of several dozen General Lees used to film a season's
worth of shows.
The studio press biography of the General Lee identifies it as a 1969 Dodge
Charger with the 440-cubic-inch Magnum V8 engine, a big-block powerplant
from the golden age of American muscle cars before emissions controls and
fuel-economy concerns shrank horsepower from maxi to mini. The '69 Charger
had enough old- fashioned, stump-yanking muscle to smoke the tires on pavement
and churn a country dirt road into the dust cloud that follows the General
through the Hazzard County hollows.
The Charger not only goes fast, it looks fast. Brawny, tough, sleek,
macho and muscular, the car's lines announce it as ready to play automotive
Superman whenever the Duke boys need to jump a roadblock, cross a ravine
or fly over a Peterbilt tractor to lose the yowling black-and-white sheriff's
cars in pursuit. With racing numbers and doors welded shut, the car brings
to mind the legendary racing, stock car driven to so many victories in
1967 and 1970 by seven-time Grand National NASCAR champion Richard Petty,
a North Carolina native and hero-type who could name his own ticket if
the South ever secedes and decides to elect a President.
But as perfect as the '69 Charger is for the role on The Dukes of Hazzard,
the choice was almost coincidental. Executive producer Paul Picard and
producer Gy Waldron, creator of the show, wanted a late 1960s muscle car
but had not decided which one when the studio transportation captain showed
them a 1969 Dodge Charger. They looked no further. Orange was chosen as
the best and brightest color, and numbers were added on the door for the
look of a racing stock car. Topping it off was the Confederate emblem on
the roof to evoke the flavor of a "Good Ol' Boy" car from the
back country of sour-mash bourbon, home-brewed white lightning from stills
hidden in mountain hollows, Red Man chewing tobacco and stock-car racing
on Sunday afternoons.
The cars used for the show have the favored-but-doomed status of a bull
at a corrida de toros. Just as a bull is carefully groomed, watered
and pampered before a bullfight, the General is kept clean after every
run through dust, dirt or mud, shined and polished as if headed for a show
instead of the stunt that may consign it to the scrap heap. The actors,
staff and crew don't refer to the General as a car, let alone a prop. They
call it "The General," the way the Duke boys and their family
do in the show.
The name "the General" was created by Gy Waldron as part of the
original Dukes script. As the show evolved and the General took
on the dimension of a character, his popularity kept pace with that of
the show's other characters.
The "Way Down South in the Land of Cotton" 12-note musical horn
came into the show by another stroke of fate. Picard and Waldron were on
the highway in Georgia to film the first episodes of the show when they
heard a "Dixie" horn in a passing car.
"We made a quick U-turn and chased the car for about a dozen miles
before we could flag it down," Picard says. "We told the kids
in the car we wanted to buy their horn and they didn't want to sell. We
kept upping the price and finally got it for about five times what it sold
for in an auto-accessories store. We didn't know the musical horn was a
stock item you can buy almost anywhere."
Picard is one of the few who have driven the General on the street. Though
the show's mail indicates that there are dozens or hundreds of imitation
Generals on the road all over the country, only a General used on the show
can qualify as authentic. Picard took one home from the lot when his own
car was in the shop.
"I was on the freeway," Picard says, "making sure I wasn't
doing over 55, when I saw the red lights of the law in my mirrors."
A black-and-white California Highway Patrol car pulled alongside and the
officer did a bug-eyed imitation of Sheriff Rosco Coltrane before pulling
"I just had to stop you," the officer said, waving aside Picard's
license. "Now I can go home and be a hero to my kids and tell them
I stopped the General Lee."
The General Picard drove was what's known as a "First Unit" car.
That means it was a car to be driven only by the stars, John Schneider
and Tom Wopat, rather than a Second Unit car driven in stunts for the action
scenes. While First Unit and Second Unit cars look alike on screen, they
are very different under the skin. All the Generals used on the show are
beefed up with heavy-duty shock absorbers and helper springs. The locking
mechanism is disconnected from the foot-operated parking brake for the
spectacular "Bootleggers' Turn," the 180-degree turns made so
often by the Duke boys to evade the sheriff. The maneuver is named for
the Southern moonshiners who, according to legend, used it routinely to
shake off the pursuing "revenooers."
Besides the modification to the parking brake, every car gets a thorough
tune-up, replacement carburetors, glasspack mufflers, custom mag wheels
and radial tires. But the cars used for the jumps and aerial stunts get
far more modification. The jump cars are equipped with full roll cages
- structures resembling Jungle Gyms built of thick, welded steel tubing
to surround the driver and passenger compartment for protection under any
circumstances. The jump cars also get boxes of lead weight in the trunk
as ballast to keep the cars level in the air.
"Without the ballast to balance the weight of the engine in front,"
says Dukes Second Unit director and stunt coordinator Paul Baxley,
"the car would turn end over end in the air. We use about 500 or 600
pounds of ballast for short jumps and up to 1000 pounds for long jumps."
Though the ballast keeps the car from turning over in flight, there is
no way to cushion the landing. "Once a car has jumped, it's finished,"
says Baxley, a former stunt driver. "The shock of the impact completely
destroys the structural integrity of the car, even if there's no visible
damage. We don't even drive a car on the show after it's been jumped. If
the shot didn't come out right the first time, we do it again with another
The stars of the show are among the fans of the car. John Schneider says
the '69 Charger was the best muscle car there ever was. "It was a
great car for '69," he says, "and an even better car for now.
There's nothing you can buy now that's American that's gonna go anywhere
near as fast as that car." Catherine Bach says that the General Lee
is "a lotta fun. I enjoy power in any car, and the General is an easy
car to get a little wild in. It's always an adventure, especially when
John or Tom is driving."
Fan mail to The Dukes of Hazzard runs about 60,000 pieces a month,
more than half of that directed at the General Lee. A typical letter, received
recently, asked if the cars wrecked on the show were for sale and, if so,
for how much, and concluded with, "Please send me some posters of
the General Lee and tell me what you put in the General Lee as engines,
transmissions, and rims." Another letter said, simply, "I would
like to know if you could send an autographed picture of the General Lee."
Yes, fans have asked for autographed pictures of the car - the autographs
being prints of the tire tread made by driving the car over the photograph.
Still somewhat in awe of the popularity of the cars, the producers have
a message they would like to get across to Dukes fans - especially
young ones who drive cars like the General on the street. Paul Picard wants
to make it clear that the action sequences on the show are for stunt cars
and stunt drivers only.
"For anybody to try anything like what we do on the show with their
own car on the street would be a dangerous mistake," says Picarad.
"Our stunt cars are extensively modified for the job and driven by
specially trained stunt drivers."
And despite the modification, the stunt cars still get reduced to junk
by every jump. Knowing the rate of attrition, where do all the Charger-Generals
come from? "We buy them from private owners," says transportation
captain Tom Greene, "mostly around the Los Angeles area." Green
says the shopping for 1969 Chargers is an ongoing process.
"Our stock got low once, and we were down to leaving notes on windshields
of Chargers in supermarket parking lots, asking if the owners wanted to
sell us the car for the show." Greene says. The cars purchased usually
range from good to fair in condition. They are reconditioned and brought
up to show standards by a team of mechanics and craftsmen on the lot.
"We cannibalize the cars that have jumped and been junked," Greene
says. "So we've got a big stock of spares to replace missing or damaged
pieces on the cars we buy."
Is there any danger, ultimately, of the Dodge 1969 Charger becoming extinct,
or a valued rarity in the next few years? Would it be placed on the endangered-species
list? Hardly. The kids in the car on the freeway have nothing to worry
about: Chrysler Corporation sold about 85,000 1969 Dodge Chargers in the
U.S. Even if half of those have already been scrapped, the ones still on
the road would stock The Dukes of Hazzard for another 600 years.
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