Philadelphia, February 1850


Accommodation.- This is a simple, economical, and comfortable dwelling, without pretensions either to ornament or style. It contains an entrance lobby, a; kitchen, b; back kitchen, c; children's bedroom, d; bed-room for the father and mother, and the infant children, e; tool-house, f; pantry, g; place for fuel, h; privy, i; cow-house, k; and dairy, l. There is a yard behind the house containing a pigsty and the manure well. This yard is entered from the back kitchen, c; and also by doors in its boundary fence, m.

Construction.- The walls may be of stone, brick, or earth; the two former materials will not only be found more suitable in reality, but more satisfactory to the eye; for walls of earth, when not whitewashed, have always a mean appearance, from the inferiority of the material; and when whitewashed, this meanness, though concealed, is still known to exist; for no building was ever whitewashed, but for the purpose of concealing something, and every one must feel, with Wood, that the grandeur or the beauty of any building is never heightened by this operation. "The world in general," says this philosophical artist, "is exceedingly unwilling to acknowledge beauty of form when the material is bad; and, on the other hand, where the materials are good, it is ready to praise the form also; the one is a much more obvious and indisputable merit than the other." (Letters, &;c., vol. ii. p. 96.) Where white-washing, or lime-washing, a building, with any color, contributes to the preservation of the wall, it is justifiable; but no genuine lover of truth will ever admit that this operation can add to the beauty or character of a building. The Roof is shown of a low pitch, and covered with slates. The chimney tops are quite plain.