The years of 1880 through 1910 show how much one technology can build a community. When the railroad came to Roanoke, it created a new relationships, formed new communities within the city, and brought people from the whole nation to a small section of Virginia. In terms of population, the railroad caused the village to grow from 669 people to a city of 30,000 in a span of twenty years. These statistics are significant not only for the history of Roanoke but because they signify the changes the New South experienced as a region. The railroad as a literary and regional symbol changed the meaning of what the New South meant -- economically and physically -- to the whole nation. The railroad made Roanoke a "Magic City" but this city was only one of many that developed a similar experience.