Works Consulted

Bradford, Gershom. A Glossary of Sea Terms. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1942. 

Bloom, Harold. Modern Critical Views: Herman Melville. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1986.

Bowen, James K. and Richard Vanderbeets. A Critical Guide to Herman Melville. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1971.

Encyclopędia Britannica Online. © 1994-2000 Encyclopędia Britannica, Inc. Accessed April 4 2000.

Higgins, Brian and Hershel Parker. Herman Melville: The Contemporary Reviews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Howard, Leon. Herman Melville. Pamphlets on American Writers. No. 13. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1961.

King, Dean, J. Worth Estes, and John B. Hattendorf. A Sea of Words. 2nd ed. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1997.

Melville, Herman. Billy Budd and Other Prose Pieces. Ed. Raymond T. Weaver. London: Constable and Company Ltd., 1924.

Melville, Herman. Billy Budd: Sailor. Ed. Harrison Hayford and Merton M. Sealts, Jr. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962

Melville, Herman. Melville's Billy Budd. Ed. F. Barron Freeman. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1948.

Melville, Herman. Shorter Novels of Herman Melville. Ed. Raymond Weaver. New York: Horace Liveright, Inc., 1928.

Billy Budd and the Critics. Ed. William T. Stafford. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., 1961.

Milder, Robert. Critical Essays on Melville's Billy Budd, Sailor. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1989.

A Naval Encyclopaedia. Philadelphia: L.R. Hamersley, 1881.

Parker, Hershel. Reading Billy Budd. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1990.

Platt, Richard. Stephen Biesty's Cross-Sections: Man-of War. London: Dorling Kindersley, Limited, 1993.

Stafford, William T. Melville's Billy Budd and the Critics. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., 1961.

Uden, Grant and Richard Cooper. A Dictionary of British Ships and Seamen. New York: St. MArtin's Press, 1980.

Vincent, Howard P. Twentieth Century Interpretations of Billy Budd. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1971.

The Visual Dictionary of Ships and Sailing. London: Dorling Kindersly Limited, 1991.

Wright, Nathalia. Melville's Use of the Bible. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1949.

1999 World Book (World Book, Inc.)