"'Is it true that great differences exist between the Americans of the North and those of the South?' he now asked.
'Yes, in Baltimore we think we can recognize a Yankee, or even an inhabitant of New-York or Philadelphia in the street.
'But what are the chief traits that distinguished the North and the South? 'I should express the difference in this way. What distinguishes the North is its enterprising spirit, what distinguishes the South is l'esprit aristocratique [spirit of chivalry?]. The manners of the inhabitant of the South are frank, open; he is excitable, irritable even, exceedingly touchy of his honour. The New Englander is cold and calculating, patient. While you are with the Southerner you are welcome, he shares with you all the pleasures of his house. The Northerner, after having received you, begins to wonder whether he couldn't do some business with you."
Tocqueville's interview with "Mr. Latrobe, a very distinguished Baltimore lawyer" (Pierson 496-497)
"So far as I can judge the Republic does not seem to me a social state as natural and appropriate to the South as it is in the North of the United States. Does this result from differences in enlightenment between North and South, or in physical constitution and the resulting differences in character in the two sections? Or, rather, [is it that] the enlightened classes are not made for leadership in a democracy; do they in the South more easily betray the secrets that the same classes in the North conceal? This is what I still do not know. What's certain is that my impression is not the same in the two parts of America. The North presents to me, internally at least, the image of a government strong, regular, durable, and perfectly appropriate to the moral and physical state of men. In the South there is in the march of affairs something feverish, disorderly, revolutionary, passionate, which does not leave the same impression of strength and durability."
Tocqueville, his diary (Pierson 509)