From the published works of Native Americans a different kind of American history emerged. It was a history of the conquered and it told of fallen heroes, villianous white men, and frequently of broken promises. In "Indian Heroes and Great Chieftans," Ohiyesa[Charles Eastman] redeemed Native American warriors like Sitting Bull from white writers who presumed to defile his reputation.
American History Retold
In essays like "Three noted Chiefs of the Sioux" published by Harper'sin 1890 Sitting Bull was defined as a "famous chief of mediocre ability, not noted for bravery as a warrior, and inferior as a commander, and an intelligence to some of his lietenants(Anon, p1). The author goes on to explain Sitting Bull's influence on his people as the result of "sheer obstinacy, stubborn tenacity of purpose." Writers like Ohiyesa used thier writing as a place to combat these negative stereotypes and to redeem thier heroes from the dustbin of the whiteman's history.
Native American leaders like Chief Joeseph and Simon Pokagon used outlets like Harper's in order to circulate the Native American view of American history. This section is devoted to the Native American retelling of American history.