Coolidge, Mary. Chinese Immigration. New York: Henry Holt, 1909.

Lowe, Lisa. Immigrant Acts. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.

Zo, Kil Young. Chinese Emigration into the United States:1850-1880. New York: Arno Press, 1978.

"The Senate and the Chinese" from Harper's Weekly March 18, 1882.

"The Chinese Bill from Harper's Weekly April 1, 1882.

"The Chinese Panic" from Harper's Weekly May 20, 1882.