| QUERY I
An exact description of the limits and boundaries of the state of Virginia?
bounded on the East by the Atlantic: on the North by a line of latitude,
crossing the Eastern Shore through Watkins's Point, being about 37 degrees.57'
North latitude; from thence by a streight line to Cinquac, near the mouth
of Patowmac; thence by the Patowmac, which is common to Virginia and Maryland,
to the first fountain of its northern branch; thence by a meridian line,
passing through that fountain till it intersects a line running East and
West, in latitude 39 degrees.43'.42.4" which divides Maryland from Pennsylvania,
and which was marked by Messrs. Mason and Dixon; thence by that line, and
a continuation of it westwardly to the completion of five degrees of longitude
from the eastern boundary of Pennsylvania, in the same latitude, and thence
by a meridian line to the Ohio: On the West by the Ohio and Missisipi,
to latitude 36 degrees.30'. North: and on the South by the line of latitude
last-mentioned. By admeasurements through nearly the whole of this
last line, and supplying the unmeasured parts from good data, the Atlantic
and Missisipi, are found in this latitude to be 758 miles distant, equal
to 13 degrees.38'. of longitude, reckoning 55 miles and 3144 feet to the
degree. This being our comprehension of longitude, that of our latitude,
taken between this and Mason and Dixon's line, is 3 degrees.13'.42.4" equal
to 223.3 miles, supposing a degree of a great circle to be 69 m. 864 f.
as computed by Cassini. These boundaries include an area somewhat
triangular, of 121525 square miles, whereof 79650 lie westward of the Allegany
mountains, and 57034 westward of the meridian of the mouth of the Great
Kanhaway. This state is therefore one third larger than the islands
of Great Britain and Ireland, which are reckoned at 88357 square miles.
These limits result from, 1. The antient charters from the crown of England. 2. The grant of Maryland to the Lord Baltimore, and the subsequent determinations of the British court as to the extent of that grant. 3. The grant of Pennsylvania to William Penn, and a compact between the general assemblies of the commonwealths of Virginia and Pennsylvania as to the extent of that grant. 4. The grant of Carolina, and actual location of its northern boundary, by consent of both parties. 5. The treaty of Paris of 1763. 6. The confirmation of the charters of the neighbouring states by the convention of Virginia at the time of constituting their commonwealth. 7. The cession made by Virginia to Congress of all the lands to which they had title on the North side of the Ohio.