_An exact description of the limits and boundaries of the state of



        Virginia is bounded on the East by the Atlantic: on the North by a

line of latitude, crossing the Eastern Shore through Watkins's Point, being

about 37 degrees.57' North latitude; from thence by a streight line to

Cinquac, near the mouth of Patowmac; thence by the Patowmac, which is common

to Virginia and Maryland, to the first fountain of its northern branch;

thence by a meridian line, passing through that fountain till it intersects a

line running East and West, in latitude 39 degrees.43'.42.4" which divides

Maryland from Pennsylvania, and which was marked by Messrs. Mason and Dixon;

thence by that line, and a continuation of it westwardly to the completion of

five degrees of longitude from the eastern boundary of Pennsylvania, in the

same latitude, and thence by a meridian line to the Ohio: On the West by the

Ohio and Missisipi, to latitude 36 degrees.30'. North: and on the South by

the line of latitude last-mentioned.  By admeasurements through nearly the

whole of this last line, and supplying the unmeasured parts from good data,

the Atlantic and Missisipi, are found in this latitude to be 758 miles

distant, equal to 13 degrees.38'. of longitude, reckoning 55 miles and 3144

feet to the degree.  This being our comprehension of longitude, that of our

latitude, taken between this and Mason and Dixon's line, is 3

degrees.13'.42.4" equal to 223.3 miles, supposing a degree of a great circle

to be 69 m. 864 f. as computed by Cassini.  These boundaries include an area

somewhat triangular, of 121525 square miles, whereof 79650 lie westward of

the Allegany mountains, and 57034 westward of the meridian of the mouth of

the Great Kanhaway.  This state is therefore one third larger than the

islands of Great Britain and Ireland, which are reckoned at 88357 square


        These limits result from, 1. The antient charters from the

crown of England.  2. The grant of Maryland to the Lord Baltimore,

and the subsequent determinations of the British court as to the

extent of that grant.  3. The grant of Pennsylvania to William Penn,

and a compact between the general assemblies of the commonwealths of

Virginia and Pennsylvania as to the extent of that grant.  4. The

grant of Carolina, and actual location of its northern boundary, by

consent of both parties.  5. The treaty of Paris of 1763.  6. The

confirmation of the charters of the neighbouring states by the

convention of Virginia at the time of constituting their

commonwealth.  7. The cession made by Virginia to Congress of all the

lands to which they had title on the North side of the Ohio.