[Professor Parrington left no bibliography apart from the works mentioned in the text. It has been possible to formulate one with some certainty by reference to his personal library, theses written under his supervision, and the record of the books he borrowed from the University of Washington Library. In the two earlier volumes the bibliography is rigidly selective. Needless to say, I have not presumed such knowledge of his intentions. All the pertinent material which it is known that he used is included.--E. H. EBY.]

Book I: Part I

I: The American Scene

For history of the period see Allan Nevins, The Emergence of Modern America, 1865-1878 (in the series A History of American Life, Vol. VIII, New York, 1927); E. P. Oberholtzer, History of the United States since the Civil War (3 vols., New York, 1917-1926); Frederick L. Paxson, Recent History of the United States (Boston and New York, c. 1921).

For economic backgrounds see Harold Underwood Faulkner, American Economic History (New York and London, 1924); Gustavus Meyers, History of Great American Fortunes (3 vols., Chicago, 1910); Robert Irving Warshaw, Jay Gould: The Story of a Fortune (New York, 1928); and for the part played by railroads see John P. Davis, The Union Pacific Railway (New York, 1894); C. E. Russell, Stories of Great Railroads (Chicago, 1912); and Charles Francis Adams, Jr., and Henry Adams, Chapters of Erie and Other Essays (Boston, 1871).

For political corruption see Don Carlos Seitz, The Dreadful Decade (Indianapolis, 1926); and Denis Tilden Lynch, "Boss" Tweed: The Story of a Grim Generation (New York, 1927).

For journalism see Allan Nevins, The Evening Post: A Century of Journalism (New York, c. 1922); and Frank M. O'Brien, The Story of the Sun (New York, c. 1918).

General Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs (2 vols., New York, 1885-1886). For biography see W. E. Woodward, Meet General Grant (New York, 1928).

Jay Cooke. See E. P. Oberholtzer, Jay Cooke, Financier of the Civil War (2 vols. Philadelphia, c. 1907).

Charles A. Dana, Recollections of the Civil War (New York, 1902); J. H. Wilson, Life of Charles A. Dana (New York, 1907).

II: The Culture of the Seventies

For valuable sidelights on culture in the decade see Constance Mayfield Rourke, Trumpets of Jubilee (New York, c. 1927); Paxton Hibben, Henry Ward Beecher: An American Portrait (New York, c. 1927); Horace Greeley, Recollections of a Busy Life (New York, 1868); James Parton, The Life of Horace Greeley (Boston, c. 1896); Lewis Mumford, The Golden Day: A Study in American Experience and Culture (New York, 1926); and his Sticks and Stones, A Study of American Architecture and Civilization (New York, c. 1924).

For history of literature see Fred Lewis Pattee, A History of American Literature since 1870 (New York, 1915); his Sidelights on American Literature (New York, 1922); his The Development of the American Short Story (New York and London, 1923); and Carl Van Doren, The American Novel (New York, 1921).

Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Prose Works (7 vols., Boston, 1897); The Poems of Thomas Bailey Aldrich (2 vols., Boston, c. 1907). For his life see Ferris Greenslet, The Life of Thomas Bailey Aldrich (Boston and New York, 1908).

Mrs. Elizabeth Stuart Ward (Phelps), The Silent Partner (Boston, e. 1899); A Singular Life (Boston and New York, 1899); Chapters from a Life (Boston and New York, 1896).

Sarah Orne Jewett, A Country Doctor (Boston and New York, c. 1884); A Native of Winby and Other Tales (Boston and New York, c. 1893); Deephaven (Boston and New York, 1894). Tales of New England (Boston and New York, 1894); The Life of Nancy (Boston and New York, 1895); The Queen's Twin and Other Stories (Boston and New York, 1899); The Country of Pointed Firs (Boston and New York, c. 1910). For her life see The Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett(Boston and New York, 1911).

Mrs. Mary E. (Wilkins) Freeman, A Humble Romance, and Other Stories (New York, 1887); The New England Nun, and Other Stories (New York, 1891); The Pot of Gold, and Other Stories (Boston, c. 1892); Pembroke; a Novel (New York, e. 1894); People of Our Neighborhood (New York, 1901); The Portion of Labor (New York, c. 1901). Young Lucretia, and Other Stories (New York, 1903); By the Light of the Soul (New York and London, 1907).

Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass (Inclusive edition edited by Emory Holloway, Garden City, New York, 1927); The Complete Prose Works of Walt Whitman (New York, 1898); The Half-breed and Other Stories (New York, 1927); Autobiographia: or, the Story of a Life (New York, 1892); The Gathering of Forces (New York and London, 1920); and The Uncollected Poetry and Prose of Walt Whitman (2 vols., Garden City, New York, 1921). For Whitman's life see Horace Traubel, With Walt Whitman in Camden (3 vols., New York, 1908-1914); Emory Holloway, Whitman (New York, 1926); John Addington Symonds, Walt Whitman: a Study (London, 1893); Leon Bazalgette, Walt Whitman, the Man and his Work (Garden City, New York, 1920); John Burroughs, Whitman: a Study (Boston and New York, c. 1924); Bliss Perry, Walt Whitman: his Life and Work (Boston and New York, 1906); and J. Johnston, M. D., and J. W. Wallace, Visits to Walt Whitman (New York, 1918).

For critical studies of his work see Norman Foerster, American Criticism, pp. 157-222 (New York, 1928); Basil De Selincourt, Walt Whitman; a Critical Study (London, 1914); Horace Traubel (ed.), In re Walt Whitman (Philadelphia, 1893).

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain), The Writings of Mark Twain (25 vols., New York and London, c. 1910-191,); The Mysterious Stranger, and Other Stories (New York and London, 1922); What is Man? (New York, 1917).

For his life see Mark Twain's Autobiography (New York and London, 1924); Albert Bigelow Paine, Mark Twain, a Biography (3 vols. New York, c. 1912); Van Wyck Brooks, The Ordeal of Mark Twain (New York, c. 1920); W. D. Howells, My Mark Twain (New York, c. 1910).

III: Changing Theory

For a general history of economic theory see, Charles Gide and Charles Rist, A History of Economic Doctrines from the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day (Authorized translation from the second revised and augumented edition of 1913, Boston, New York, Chicago, 1913); The Trend of Economics (Edited by R. G. Tugwell, New York, 1924).

For material covered in this section see Francis Wayland, Elements of Political Economy (New York, 1837); Henry Charles Carey, Principles of Social Science (3 vols., Philadelphia, 1858-1860); his The Harmony of Interests: Agricultural, Manufacturing, and Commercial (2nd ed., New York, 1852); and his Miscellaneous Works (Philadelphia, 1875). Francis A. Walker, The Wages Question, a Treatise on Wages and the Wages Class (New York, 1891); his Land and Its Rent (Boston, 1891); and his Political Economy (New York, 1888).

For a general treatment of political theories see William A. Dunning, A History of Political Theories from Rousseau to Spencer (New York, 1920); Charles E. Merriam, History of American Political Theories (New York, 1920); and his American Political Ideas: Studies in the Development of American Political Thought, 1865-1917 (New York, 1920).

Theodore Dwight Woolsey, Political Science: or, the State Theoretically and Practically Considered (New York, 1900); and his Communism and Socialism in Their History and Theory (New York, 1894).

John W. Burgess. Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law (2 vols., Boston and London, 1896-1898); and his The Sanctity of the Law; Wherein Does It Consist? (Boston and New York, c. 1927).

J. Allen Smith, The Growth and Decadence of Constitutional Government (New York, 1930) is an invaluable aid to those wishing to get Parrington's viewpoint in political theory.

Henry George, The Writings of Henry George (Memorial edition, 10 vols., New York, 1898-I900). See particularly Progress and Poverty (Vols. I andII), and Henry George, Jr., The Life of Henry George (Vol. X).

Henry D. Lloyd, Wealth Against Commonwealth (New York, c. 1894); Lords of Industry (New York and London, 191o); Man the Social Creator (New York, 1906); Strike of Millionaires Against Miners, or the Story of Spring Valley, with an Open Letter to Millionaires (Chicago, 1890). For his life see Caroline Augusta Lloyd, Henry Demarest Lloyd, 1847-1903 (2 vols., New York and London, 1912). (Parrington had intended to discuss Lloyd.)

IV: The Beginnings of Criticism

Wendell Phillips, Speeches, Lectures, and Letters (2 vols., Boston, 1891-1892). For his life see Carlos Martyn, Wendell Phillips, the Agitator (Revised ed., New York, 1890); and Charles Edward Russell, The Story of Wendell Phillips (Chicago, c. 1914).

George William Curtis, Nile Notes of a Howadji (New York, 1851); Trumps (New York, 1861); Potiphar Papers (New York, 1854); Prue and I (New York, n. d.); Orations and Addresses (3 vols., New York, 1894); From the Easy Chair (3 vols., New York, 1894-1902); Early Letters of George William Curtis to John S. Dwight; Brook Farm and Concord (New York, and London 1898). For his life see Edward Cary, George William Curtis (Boston and New York, 1894).

Edwin Lawrence Godkin, Reflections and Comments, 1865-1895 (New York, 1895); Unforseen Tendencies of Democracy (Boston, 1893); Problems of Modern Democracy; Political and Economic Essays (Third ed., New York, 1898). For his life see, The Life and Letters of Edwin Lawrence Godkin (Ed. by Rollo Ogden, 2 vols., New York and London, 1907). See also Gustav Pollak, The Nation, Fifty Years of American Idealism: the New York Nation, 1865-1915 (New York, 1915).

The political novel: Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, The Gilded Age (2 vols., New York, 1873); Henry Adams, Democracy (New York, 1880); F. Marion Crawford, An American Politician (New York, 1884). See also Albion W. Tourgee, A Fool's Errand (New York, 1880).

The economic novel: John Hay, The Bread-Winners (New York, 1883); H. F. Keenan, The Moneymakers (New York, 1885).

The sociological novel: Hjalmar Hjorth Boyessen, The Mammon of Unrighteousness (New York, 1891); his The Golden Calf (New York, 1892); and his Social Strugglers (New York, 1893); Robert Grant, Unleavened Bread (New York, I900); Samuel Merwin and H. K. Webster, Calumet K (New York, 1901); and their Short Line War (New York, 1899). Francis Churchill Williams, J. Develin-Boss (New York, I901); Elliot Flower, The Spoilsman (Boston, 1903); Winston Churchill, Coniston (New York, 1907); and his Mr. Crewe's Career (New York, 1908); Will Payne, Mr. Salt (Boston and New York, 1903); and his The Money Captain (New York, 1898).

For general accounts see Carl Van Doren, The American Novel (New York, 1921); Fred Lewis Pattee, A History of American Literature since 1870 (New York, 1915); John Curtis Underwood, Literature and Insurgency (New York, 1914); and W. D. Howells, Criticism and Fiction (New York, 1891).

For material dealing with Henry Adams and John Hay see William Roscoe Thayer, The Life and Letters of John Hay (2 vols., Boston and New York, c. 1915). See also the bibliography on Henry Adams, Part II, section II.

Book I: Part II

I: Disintegration and Reintegration

For a general survey of philosophical thought during the period see W. H. Hudson, Philosophies Ancient and Modern (London, 1908); Woodbridge Riley, American Thought from Puritanism to Pragmatism (New York, 1915); William Archibald Dunning, A History of Political Theories from Rousseau to Spencer (New York, 1920).

Condorcet, Isidore, August Marie Francois Xavier, Ouvres (Paris, 1847). See also A General View of Positivism (Translated by H. J. Bridges, London, c. 1908).

Herbert Spencer, Works (I8 vols., New York, 1915); see also his Illustrations of Universal Progress; a Series of Discussions (New York, 1890).

Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, The Riddle of the Universe at the Close of the Nineteenth Century (New York and London, 1900); and his History of Creation (2 vols., New York, 1914).

John Fiske, American Political Ideas, Viewed from the Standpoint of Universal History (New York, 1899); Darwinism and Other Essays (New ed. rev. and enl., Boston, 1892); The Destiny of Man, Viewed in the Light of his Origin (18 ed., Boston and New York, 1892); Essays Historical and Literary (2 vols., New York and London, 1902); Excursions of an Evolutionist (Boston and New York, 1892); The Idea of God as Affected by Modern Knowledge (Boston and New York, 1892); Life Everlasting (Boston and New York, I902); Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy, Based on the Doctrine of Evolution, with Criticisms of the Positive Philosophy (4 vols., Boston and New York, e. 1903); Through Nature to God (Boston and New York, 1899); Unseen World and Other Essays (11th ed., Boston, 1876). For his life see J. S. Clark, Life and Letters of John Fiske (2 vols., Boston, 1917); and Henry Holt, Garrulities of an Octogenarian Editor, with Other Essays Somewhat Biographical and Autobiographical (Boston and New York, 1923).

II: Skepticisms of the House of Adam

Henry Adams, The Degredation of the Democratic Dogma (New York, 1920); Democracy, a Novel (New York, 1880); The Education of Henry Adams (New York, 1918); History of the United States during the Administration of Jefferson and Madison (9 vols., New York, 1890-1898); John Randolph (Boston, 1895); Letters to a Niece and Prayer to the Virgin of Chartres; with a Niece's Memoirs by Mabel La Farge (Boston and New York, 1920); Life of Albert Gallatin (Philadelphia, INC); Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres (Boston and New York, 1913).

Brooks Adams, America's Economic Supremacy (New York, 1900); Law of Civilization and Decay: an Essay on History (New York, 1895); The New Empire (New York, London, 1902); The Theory of Social Revolutions (New York, 1913). Charles Francis Adams, Jr., and Henry Adams, Chapters of Erie and Other Essays (Boston, 1871); Charles Francis Adams, Jr., Charles Francis Adams 1835 1915; an Autobiography (Boston and New York, 1916). See also W. C. Ford, A Cycle of Adams Letters, 1861-1865 (2 vols., Boston and New York, 1920).

III: Victorian Realism

For material in Parrington's introduction to Chapter III see Francis Marion Crawford, The Novel: What It Is (New York, I908); and H. H. Boyessen, Literary and Social Silhouettes (New York, 1894).

Henry James, The Novels and Tales of Henry James (24 vols., New York, 1907-I909); Views and Reviews (Boston, 1go8); The Letters of Henry James (2 vols., New York, 1920). For criticism and biography see Pelham Edgar, Henry James, Man and Author (Boston and New York, 1927); Rebecca West, Henry James (New York, c. 1916); Van Wyck Brooks, The Pilgrimage of Henry James (New York, 1925).

William Dean Howells, A Hazard of New Fortunes (New York, 1891); A Modern Instance (Boston and New York, 1881); Through the Eye of the Needle (New York and London, 1907); A Traveler from Altruria (New York, 1908); The Rise of Silas Lapham (Boston, c. 1912); April Hopes (New York, 1888); Certain Delightful English Towns; with Glimpses of the Pleasant Country Between (New York and London, 1906); Indian Summer (Boston, c. 1914); Venetian Life (19th ed., new and enl., Boston, c. 1907); Criticism and Fiction (New York, 1891); Literary Friends and Acquaintance (New York and London, 1901); Literature and Life (New York and London, 1902); My Literary Passions (New York, c. 1895). For his life see Life in Letters of William Dean Howells (2 vols., Garden City, N. Y., 1928); Years of My Youth (New York, c. 1916). For critical estimates see Delmar Gross Cooke, William Dean Howells; a Critical Study (New York, c. 1922); Oscar W. Firkins, William Dean Howells (Cambridge, Mass., 1924); Alexander Harvey, William Dean Howells; a Study of the Achievement of a Literary Artist (New York, 1917).

Book II: Part I

I: The Plight of the Farmer

For general surveys of the Agrarian movement see Solon Justus Buck, The Granger Movement (In Harvard Historical Studies, Vol. XIX, Cambridge, 1913); and his The Agrarian Crusade (New Haven, c. 1920); F. E. Haynes, Third Party Movements since the Civil War (Iowa City, Iowa, c. 1916); F. J. Turner, The Frontier in American History (New York, 1920).

For discussions of the currency see Homo's Letters on a National Currency (Washington, 1817); Currency Explosions, their Cause and Cure (New York, 1858); Our Currency: Some of Its Evils, and the Remedies for Them (By a Citizen of North Carolina, Raleigh, N. C., 1861); D. H. Robertson, Money (New York, c. 1922); J. Lawrence Laughlin, The Principles of Money, (New York, 1911).

David Ames Wells, Practical Economics; a Collection of Essays Respecting Certain of the Recent Economic Experiences of the United States (New York, 1885); Robinson Crusoe's Money (New ed. New York, 1896); The Cremation Theory of Specie Resumption (New York, 1875); Contraction of Legal Tender Notes vs. Repudiation and Disloyalty (New York, 1876).

Eleazar Lord, Credit, Currency and Banking (New York, 1828); A Letter on the National Currency (New York, 1861); Six Letters on the Necessity and Practicability of the National Currency, etc. (New York, 1862); National Currency: A Review of the National Banking Law (New York, 1863).

Peter Cooper, Ideas for a Science of Good Government (New York, 1883); The Political and Financial Opinions of Peter Cooper (New York, 1877).

William Hope Harvey, Coin's Financial School (Chicago, c. 1894); and J. A. Woodburn, The Life of Thaddeus Stevens (Indianapolis, c. 1913.)

III: Hamlin Garland and the Middle Border

For studies of the Middle Border see D. A. Dondore, The Prairie and the Making of Middle America: Four Centuries of Description (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1926); Lucy Lockwood Hazard, The Frontier in American Literature (New York, 1927).

For early realism of the Middle Border see Harold Frederick, Seth's Brother's Wife (London, 1898); and Joseph Kirkland, Zury: The Meanest Man in Spring County (Boston and New York, 1887).

Hamlin Garland, Back-Trailers from the Middle Border (New York, 1928); Boy Life on the Prairie (Revised ed., New York and London, c. 1899); The Captain of the Gray Horse Troop: a Novel (New York, c. 1902); Crumbling Idols (Chicago, 1894); A Daughter of the Middle Border (New York, 1921); The Eagle's Heart (New York, 1900); Jason Edwards, An Average Man (New York, 1897); Main-Travelled Roads (New York, c. 1899); Her Mountain Lover (New York, 1901); Prairie Folk (New and rev. ed., New York, 1899); Rose of Dutcher's Cooly (New York, c. 1899); A Son of the Middle Border (New York, 1917); A Spoil of Office (New York, 1897); Trailmakers of the Middle Border (New York, 1926).

Book II: Part II

II: The Quest of Utopia

Edward Bellamy, The Duke of Stockbridge; a Romance of Shay's Rebellion (New York and Boston, 1901); Equality (3d ed., New York, 1897); Looking Backward, 2000-1887 (Boston, c. 1889); see also The Nationalist, a Monthly Magazine (Vols. 1-3, May, 1889, to April, 1891. Edited by H. W. Austin).

For general material see Allyn B. Forbes, The Literary Quest for Utopia, 1880-1900 (Social Forces, Vol. VII, 1927, pp. 179-189). Lewis Mumford, The Story of Utopias (New York, c. 1922); J. O. Hertzler, The History of Utopian Thought (New York, 1923).