January 11, 1847
IRELAND. (From Our Own Correspondent.)
DUBLIN, Jan. 8
STATE OF THE WEST RIDING OF CORK.
The last accounts from this distress are of a most dismal character. Ten additional deaths by starvation have occurred in the barony of Bantry. The melancholy details are thus furnished by a correspondent of the Cork Reporter:
"Bantry, Jan. 5. -- It is my painful duty to inform you of six inquests held here this day, before Mr. Samuel Hutchins and Mr. Richard White, magistrates for the county.
"The jury unanimously agreed without a moment's hesitation, that the following persons came to their deaths by starvation, vis:
"Catherine Sheehan, a child, two years old, who died on the 26th of December last, and had lived for several days previous to her death on sea weed, part of which was produced by Dr. McCarthy, who held a port mortem examination on her body. The other details in this case are most heart-rending.
"Michael Sullivan died at Skahana, on or about the 4th of December, from the effects of eating too hearty a meal, whichhe had received through charity, after being previously exhausted from overlong fasting.
"Richard Finn was conveyed into this town on the 14th of December, in a car, for the purpose of taking him to the workhouse, when in the street, the Very Rev. Thomas Barry, parish priest, was obliged to hear confession before the public, and before he had time to complete his sacred duties the poor man expired.
"John Driscoll was working on one of the public works on the 29th of December; on his return home he fell exhausted for want of foo, and was found dead in the mountain of Glounlough on the following morning. His wife proved that he had eaten nothing for two days previous to his death, except a small quantity of boiled wheat, and that he frequently had a similar fast.
"Jeremiah Carthy entered the shop of Mr. Robert Vickery, of this town, when he fell senseless, and died in three hours after at the workhouse, though being kindly attended to by the Rev. Mr. Freeman. Dr. Jagoe, and the family, before his removal.
"Michael Linehan was found dead on the lands of Ibane on the 18th of December last. He was on his way home from Bantry after purchasing some food for his mother and brother (which were all his family) who were then lying in fever; there were some turnip peels or skins found in his stomach.
"Head-constable Grant then stated to the magistrates that there were three other similar cases, but the bench considering it too late to proceed withhearing them, they were postponed for a future day.
"While the Court was sitting the Very Rev. Thomas Barry reported another victim who had fallen on entering the workhouse, before he had time to administer the sacraments to him.
"I regret that time does not permit me at present to give you the evidence in detail, as that of the Very Rev. Mr. Barry, and Rev. Mr. Freeman, as well as that of Doctors Jagoe and M'Carthy, would be read with painful and melancholy interest.
"I close with sending you the remonstrances of the jury, as handed in by their foreman, Mr. E. O'Sullivan.
"'That we feel it is our duty to state, under the correction of the Court, that it is our opinion that if the Government of the country shall persevere in its determination of refusing to use the means available to it for the purpose of lowering the price of food, so as to place it within the reach of the labouring poor, the result will be a sacrifice of human life from starvation to a frightful extent, and endangerment of property and of the public peace.
"E. O'Sullivan, Foreman
"Saml. Hutchins, Justice of the Peace
"Richd. White, Justice of the Peace
FURTHER RISE INTHE PRICES OF GRAIN
Notwithstanding the unprecedented arrivals of grain into the port of Dublin, prices still continue to advance. At the Corn Exchange today considerable excitement prevailed and wheat, according to official market note, went up 1s.6d. . . . As befroe remarked, the supplies are pouring in from all quarters; the river is filled with shipping, containing cargoes of flour and other breadstuffs, and the greatest inconvenience is felt from the want of sufficient storage to remedy which temporary sheds have been erected along the north wall at the Custom-house; but even with this makeshift the accommodation is extremely defective. It is the opinion of some of the leading factors here that there will be no material (if any) reduction in the price of bread for two months to come; but that about the middle of March the foreign arrivals must tell, and that speculators may as well be prepared in time for a tremendous reaction.
FOOD RIOTS IN DUBLIN
Before 8 o'clock this morning a mob consisting of between 40 and 50 persons, many of them boys, commenced an attack upon the bakers' shops in the neighborhood of summer hill, Britain Street and Abbey Street. Owing to the early hour and the unexpectedness of the outbreak, they were enabled to carry on their depredations without let or hindance. The rioters had the appearance of country people, and came from the northern outlets of the city. When they had reached Abbey Street two policemen interfered,and endeavored to disperse the crowd, but without any effect, several men exclaiming that they had been without food for 24 hours, and that bread they should have. They then marched in "close order" toward Mary's Abbey, where they are great numbers of provision and cookshops, but I have not heard to what farther extent they continued their attacks.
The guardians of the Balrothery union (county of Dublin) led on by Mr. G.A. Hamilton, M.P., have taken a bold step, by the adoption at a special meeting on Wednesday, of the two following resolutions:
"Resolved: That the workhouse being now fully occupied, there being no fewer than 499 inmates (the house being calculated for only 400), and great destitution prevailing in many parts of the union, the master be instructed, in any case in which a destitute person may present himself with a guardian's order for provisional admission, before sending such person away to give him a meal, consisting of a dinner's ration to be eaten in the house, and to charge same against the union at large.
"Resolved: That it is also expedient that a room should be procured in the differing districts withinthe union where destitution previals; that suchroom be declared a poorhouse, under the 35th section of the Irish Poor Law, 1 and 2 Vctoria, chapter 56, for the purpose of affording additional relief under the present very extraordinary circumstances of the coutnry. That the guardians makea list of the destitute in those districts, that that after due inquiry, provisional order be given entitling such persons a meal to be eaten in the rom so declared a poor house, within each district. The meal to consist of a pint of soup or mil, and 1 1/2 lb. of brown bread for adults, and for children in proportion. That it be fully understood that htis mode of relief is only intended to meet the present distressing emergency and that it shall cease with the emergency, or when there is accommodation in the house. That a copy of this resolution be sent to the Poor Law Commissioners . . .
PROGRESS OF DISTRESS
From the intelligence received today it appears that the list of districts suffering under extreme destitution must be now added the Queen's County, Carlow Sentinel, a journal, it should be borne in mind, but little inclined to cast undeserved blame upon the landed proprietors:
"With feelings of deep regret for the welfare of the extensive district of Ballickmoylter, comprising the large baroney of Slievemarigue, we learn that all hopes have vanished of actual provision for the wants of the population, unless the Government come forward and that speedily, with liberal measures of relief. In these times for they are times of peril -- men must speak out; and we shall do our duty fearlessly in calling on the non-residential proprieters to come forward and to lend their cooperation or they will, when too late, regret the consequences of their neglect. In the Ballickmoyler district, Queen's County, a few have, it is true, contributed; but where are the names of the Earl Kenmore, or of the Earl of Portarlington, upon whose estates a vast mass of hideous poverty exists? We have not heard that 1s of their money has yet been contributed, although their agents draw large sums from the extensive estates of these two noblemen in the awfully distressed district to which we refer. We have heard, but cannot say the rumour is true, that Sir Charles Coote, M.P., has only forwarded the relief fund the paltry sum of 10l. Can this be true? We really cannot credit the assertion that a wealthy baronet, of large estate in a barony of the country which he represents, with a vast means of pauperism in the district, and a great number of starving people on his estate, would only contribute a sum of 10l.! If he has been so fortunate as to send 1s. more we shall apologize for our error in the cause of humanity and the poor of our country. Our readers should fully comprehend the causes why we dwell on a subject of so much importance in this district of the Queen's County. . . .