General Works on Immigration and Urban Life
Bolger, Stephen Garrett. The Irish Character in American Fiction, 1830-1860. New York: Arno Press, 1976. Dunne, Robert. "A Plea for a Protestant American Dream: Lyman Beecher's A Plea for the West." The Old Northwest: A Journal of Regional Life and Letters. 16 (Fall 1992), 189-197. Fine, David M. The City, the Immigrant and American Fiction, 1880-1920. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Pres, 1977. Howells, William Dean. A Hazard of New Fortunes. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana UP, 1976. Kaarsberg, Martha W. "Women of German-American Fiction." America and the Germans: An Assessment of a Three-Hundred-Year History. Ed. McVeigh, Joseph. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985, 331-342. Ryan, George E. "Shanties and Shiftlessness: The Immigrant Irish of Henry Thoreau." Eire- Ireland: A Journal of Irish Studies 13 (1978), 54-78. Stout, Janis P. Sodoms in Eden: The City in American Fiction Before 1860. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1976. Sutherland, Daniel E. Americans and Their Servants: Domestic Service in the United States from 1800 to 1920. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1981.