This list covers selected primary works and critical studies of Higginson, particularly those that analyze or discuss the significance of "Negro Spirituals." I have chosen not to include studies of Emily Dickinson which mention Higginson, as those are too numerous and not necessarily relevant to the text treated here:
Allen, William Francis, Charles Pickard Ware, and Lucy McKim Garrison, eds. Slave Songs of the United States. New York: A. Simpson and Co., 1867; repr. New York: Dover, 1995.
Edelstein, Tilden G. Strange Enthusiasm: A Life of Thomas Wentworth Higginson. New Haven: Yale UP, 1968.
Hamm, Charles. Music in the New World. New York: W. W. Norton, 1983.
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. Army Life in a Black Regiment. Boston: Fields, Osgood, and Company, 1870; repr. New York: W. W. Norton, 1984.
--. "Negro Spirituals." Atlantic Monthly (June 1867): 685-694.
Looby, Christopher. "Flowers of Manhood: Race, Sex and Floriculture from Thomas Wentworth Higginson to Robert Mapplethorpe." Criticism 37 (1995): 109-56.
Meyer, Howard M. The Colonel of the Black Regiment: The Life of Thomas Wentworth Higginson. New York: Norton, 1967.
Peters, Erskine, ed. Lyrics of the Afro-American Spiritual. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.
Picker, John. "'Red War Is My Song': Whitman, Higginson, and Civil War Music," Walt Whitman and Modern Music, ed. Lawrence Kramer. New York: Garland Press, 2000.
Southern, Eileen, ed. and comp. Readings in Black American Music. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1983.
--. The Music of Black Americans: A History. 3rd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.
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