Chapter II 
CORTES RECONNOITRES THE CAPITAL- OCCUPIES TACUBA- SKIRMISHES WITH THE ENEMY- EXPEDITION OF SANDOVAL- ARRIVAL OF REINFORCEMENTS
IN the course of three or four days, the Spanish general furnished
the Tlascalans with the opportunity so much coveted, and allowed their
boiling spirits to effervesce in active operations. He had, for some
time, meditated an expedition to reconnoitre the capital and its
environs, and to chastise, on the way, certain places which had sent
him insulting messages of defiance, and which were particularly active
in their hostilities. He disclosed his design to a few only of his
principal officers, from his distrust of the Tezcucans, whom he
suspected to be in correspondence with the enemy.
Early in the spring, he left Tezcuco, at the head of three hundred
and fifty Spaniards and the whole strength of his allies. He took with
him Alvarado and Olid, and intrusted the charge of the garrison to
Sandoval. Cortes had practical acquaintance with the incompetence of
the first of these cavaliers for so delicate a post, during his short,
but disastrous, rule in Mexico.
But all his precautions had not availed to shroud his designs from
the vigilant foe, whose eye was on all his movements; who seemed
even to divine his thoughts, and to be prepared to thwart their
execution. He had advanced but a few leagues, when he was met by a
considerable body of Mexicans, drawn up to dispute his progress. A
sharp skirmish took place, in which the enemy were driven from the
ground, and the way was left open to the Christians. They held a
circuitous route to the north, and their first point of attack was the
insular town of Xaltocan, situated on the northern extremity of the
lake of that name, now called San Christobal. The town was entirely
surrounded by water, and communicated with the main land by means of
causeways, in the same manner as the Mexican capital. Cortes, riding
at the head of his cavalry, advanced along the dike, till he was
brought to a stand by finding a wide opening in it, through which
the waters poured so as to be altogether impracticable, not only for
horse, but for infantry. The lake was covered with canoes, filled with
Aztec warriors, who, anticipating the movement of the Spaniards, had
come to the aid of the city. They now began a furious discharge of
stones and arrows on the assailants, while they were themselves
tolerably well protected from the musketry of their enemy by the light
bulwarks, with which, for that purpose, they had fortified their
The severe volleys of the Mexicans did some injury to the
Spaniards and their allies, and began to throw them into disorder,
crowded as they were on the narrow causeway, without the means of
advancing, when Cortes ordered a retreat. This was followed by renewed
tempests of missiles, accompanied by taunts and fierce yells of
defiance. The battle-cry of the Aztec, like the war-whoop of the North
American Indian, was an appalling note, according to the Conqueror's
own acknowledgment, in the ears of the Spaniards. At this juncture,
the general fortunately obtained information from a deserter, one of
the Mexican allies, of a ford, by which the army might traverse the
shallow lake, and penetrate the place. He instantly detached the
greater part of the infantry on the service, posting himself with
the remainder, and with the horse, at the entrance of the passage,
to cover the attack and prevent any interruption in the rear.
The soldiers, under the direction of the Indian guide, forded
the lake without much difficulty, though in some places the water came
above their girdles. During the passage, they were annoyed by the
enemy's missiles; but when they had gained the dry level, they took
ample revenge, and speedily put all who resisted to the sword. The
greater part, together with the townsmen, made their escape in the
boats. The place was now abandoned to pillage. The troops found in
it many women, who had been left to their fate; and these, together
with a considerable quantity of cotton stuffs, gold, and articles of
food, fell into the hands of the victors, who, setting fire to the
deserted city, returned in triumph to their comrades.
Continuing his circuitous route, Cortes presented himself
successively before three other places, each of which had been
deserted by the inhabitants in anticipation of his arrival. The
principal of these, Azcapotzalco, had once been the capital of an
independent state. It was now the great slave-market of the Aztecs,
where their unfortunate captives were brought, and disposed of at
public sale. It was also the quarter occupied by the jewellers; and
the place whence the Spaniards obtained the goldsmiths who melted down
the rich treasures received from Montezuma. But they found there
only a small supply of the precious metals, or, indeed, of anything
else of value, as the people had been careful to remove their effects.
They spared the buildings, however, in consideration of their having
met with no resistance.
During the nights, the troops bivouacked in the open fields,
maintaining the strictest watch, for the country was all in arms,
and beacons were flaming on every hill-top, while dark masses of the
enemy were occasionally descried in the distance. The Spaniards were
now traversing the most opulent region of Anahuac. Cities and villages
were scattered over hill and valley, all giving token of a dense and
industrious population. It was the general's purpose to march at
once on Tacuba, and establish his quarters in that ancient capital for
the present. He found a strong force encamped under its walls,
prepared to dispute his entrance. Without waiting for their advance,
he rode at full gallop against them with his little body of horse. The
arquebuses and crossbows opened a lively volley on their extended
wings, and the infantry, armed with their swords and copper-headed
lances, and supported by the Indian battalions, followed up the attack
of the horse with an alacrity which soon put the enemy to flight.
Cortes led his troops without further opposition into the suburbs of
Tacuba, the ancient Tlacopan, where he established himself for the
On the following morning, he found the indefatigable Aztecs
again under arms, and, on the open ground before the city, prepared to
give him battle. He marched out against them, and, after an action
hotly contested, though of no long duration, again routed them. They
fled towards the town, but were driven through the streets at the
point of the lance, and were compelled, together with the inhabitants,
to evacuate the place. The city was then delivered over to pillage;
and the Indian allies, not content with plundering the houses of
everything portable within them, set them on fire, and in a short time
a quarter of the town- the poorer dwellings, probably, built of light,
combustible materials- was in flames.
Cortes proposed to remain in his present quarters for some days,
during which time he established his own residence in the ancient
palace of the lords of Tlacopan. It was a long range of low buildings,
like most of the royal residences in the country, and offered good
accommodations for the Spanish forces. During his halt here, there was
not a day on which the army was not engaged in one or more
rencontres with the enemy. They terminated almost uniformly in
favour of the Spaniards, though with more or less injury to them and
to their allies. One encounter, indeed, had nearly been attended
with more fatal consequences.
The Spanish general, in the heat of pursuit, had allowed himself
to be decoyed upon the great causeway,- the same which had once been
so fatal to his army. He followed the flying foe, until he had
gained the further side of the nearest bridge, which had been repaired
since the disastrous action of the noche triste. When thus far
advanced, the Aztecs, with the rapidity of lightning, turned on him,
and he beheld a large reinforcement in their rear, all fresh on the
field, prepared to support their countrymen. At the same time,
swarms of boats, unobserved in the eagerness of the chase, seemed to
start up as if by magic, covering the waters around. The Spaniards
were now exposed to a perfect hailstorm of missiles, both from the
causeway and the lake; but they stood unmoved amidst the tempest, when
Cortes, too late perceiving his error, gave orders for the retreat.
Slowly, and with admirable coolness, his men receded, step by step,
offering a resolute front to the enemy. The Mexicans came on with
their usual vociferation, making the shores echo to their war-cries,
and striking at the Spaniards with their long pikes, and with poles,
to which the swords taken from the Christians had been fastened. A
cavalier, named Volante, bearing the standard of Cortes, was felled by
one of their weapons, and, tumbling into the lake, was picked up by
the Mexican boats. He was a man of a muscular frame, and, as the enemy
were dragging him off, he succeeded in extricating himself from
their grasp, and clenching his colours in his hand, with a desperate
effort sprang back upon the causeway. At length, after some hard
fighting, in which many of the Spaniards were wounded, and many of
their allies slain, the troops regained the land, where Cortes, with a
full heart, returned thanks to Heaven for what he might well regard as
a providential deliverance. It was a salutary lesson; though he should
scarcely have needed one, so soon after the affair of Iztapalapan,
to warn him of the wily tactics of his enemy.
It had been one of Cortes' principal objects in this expedition to
obtain an interview, if possible, with the Aztec emperor, or with some
of the great lords at his court, and to try if some means for an
accommodation could not be found, by which he might avoid the appeal
to arms. An occasion for such a parley presented itself, when his
forces were one day confronted with those of the enemy, with a
broken bridge interposed between them. Cortes, riding in advance of
his people, intimated by signs his peaceful intent, and that he wished
to confer with the Aztecs. They respected the signal, and, with the
aid of his interpreter, he requested, that, if there were any great
chief among them, he would come forward and hold a parley with him.
The Mexicans replied, in derision, they were all chiefs, and bade
him speak openly whatever he had to tell them. As the general returned
no answer, they asked, why he did not make another visit to the
capital, and tauntingly added, "Perhaps Malinche does not expect to
find there another Montezuma, as obedient to his command as the
former." Some of them complimented the Tlascalans with the epithet
of women, who, they said, would never have ventured so near the
capital, but for the protection of the white men.
The animosity of the two nations was not confined to these
harmless, though bitter jests, but showed itself in regular cartels of
defiance, which daily passed between the principal chieftains. These
were followed by combats, in which one or more champions fought on a
side, to vindicate the honour of their respective countries. A fair
field of fight was given to the warriors, who conducted those combats,
a l'outrance, with the punctilio of a European tourney; displaying a
valour worthy of the two boldest of the races of Anahuac, and a
skill in the management of their weapons, which drew forth the
admiration of the Spaniards.
Cortes had now been six days in Tacuba. There was nothing
further to detain him, as he had accomplished the chief objects of his
expedition. He had humbled several of the places which had been most
active in their hostility; and he had revived the credit of the
Castilian arms, which had been much tarnished by their former reverses
in this quarter of the valley. He had also made himself acquainted
with the condition of the capital, which he found in a better
posture of defence than he had imagined. All the ravages of the
preceding year seemed to be repaired, and there was no evidence,
even to his experienced eye, that the wasting hand of war had so
lately swept over the land. The Aztec troops, which swarmed through
the valley, seemed to be well appointed, and showed an invincible
spirit, as if prepared to resist to the last. It is true, they had
been beaten in every encounter. In the open field they were no match
for the Spaniards, whose cavalry they could never comprehend, and
whose firearms easily penetrated the cotton mail, which formed the
stoutest defence of the Indian warrior. But, entangled in the long
streets and narrow lanes of the metropolis, where every house was a
citadel, the Spaniards, as experience had shown, would lose much of
their superiority. With the Mexican emperor, confident in the strength
of his preparations, the general saw there was no probability of
effecting an accommodation. He saw, too, the necessity of the most
careful preparations on his own part- indeed, that he must strain
his resources to the utmost, before he could safely venture to rouse
the lion in his lair.
The Spaniards returned by the same route by which they had come.
Their retreat was interpreted into a flight by the natives, who hung
on the rear of the army, uttering vainglorious vaunts, and saluting
the troops with showers of arrows, which did some mischief. Cortes
resorted to one of their own stratagems to rid himself of this
annoyance. He divided his cavalry into two or three small parties, and
concealed them among some thick shrubbery, which fringed both sides of
the road. The rest of the army continued its march. The Mexicans
followed, unsuspicious of the ambuscade, when the horse, suddenly
darting from their place of concealment, threw the enemy's flanks into
confusion, and the retreating columns of infantry, facing about
suddenly, commenced a brisk attack, which completed their
consternation. It was a broad and level plain, over which the
panic-struck Mexicans made the best of their way, without attempting
resistance; while the cavalry, riding them down and piercing the
fugitives with their lances, followed up the chase for several
miles, in what Cortes calls a truly beautiful style. The army
experienced no further annoyance from the enemy.
On their arrival at Tezcuco, they were greeted with joy by their
comrades, who had received no tidings of them during the fortnight
which had elapsed since their departure. The Tlascalans, immediately
on their return, requested the general's permission to carry back to
their own country the valuable booty which they had gathered in
their foray,- a request which, however unapalatable, he could not
The troops had not been in quarters more than two or three days,
when an embassy arrived from Chalco, again soliciting the protection
of the Spaniards against the Mexicans, who menaced them from several
points in their neighbourhood. But the soldiers were so much exhausted
by unintermitted vigils, forced marches, battles, and wounds, that
Cortes wished to give them a breathing-time to recruit, before
engaging in a new expedition. He answered the application of the
Chalcans, by sending his missives to the allied cities, calling on
them to march to the assistance of their confederate. It is not to
be supposed that they could comprehend the import of his despatches.
But the paper, with its mysterious characters, served for a warrant to
the officer who bore it, as the interpreter of the general's commands.
But, although these were implicitly obeyed, the Chalcans felt
the danger so pressing, that they soon repeated their petition for the
Spaniards to come in person to their relief. Cortes no longer
hesitated; for he was well aware of the importance of Chalco, not
merely on its own account, but from its position, which commanded
one of the great avenues to Tlascala, and to Vera-Cruz, the
intercourse with which should run no risk of interruption. Without
further loss of time, therefore, he detached a body of three hundred
Spanish foot and twenty horse, under the command of Sandoval, for
the protection of the city.
That active officer soon presented himself before Chalco, and,
strengthened by the reinforcement of its own troops and those of the
confederate towns, directed his first operations against Huaxtepec,
a place of some importance, lying two leagues or more to the south
among the mountains. It was held by a strong Mexican force, watching
their opportunity to make a descent upon Chalco. The Spaniards found
the enemy drawn up at a distance from the town, prepared to receive
them. The ground was broken and tangled with bushes, unfavourable to
the cavalry, which in consequence soon fell into disorder; and
Sandoval, finding himself embarrassed by their movements, ordered
them, after sustaining some loss, from the field. In their place he
brought up his musketeers and crossbowmen, who poured a rapid fire
into the thick columns of the Indians. The rest of the infantry,
with sword and pike, charged the flanks of the enemy, who,
bewildered by the shock, after sustaining considerable slaughter, fell
back in an irregular manner, leaving the field of battle to the
The victors proposed to bivouac there for the night. But, while
engaged in preparations for their evening meal, they were aroused by
the cry of "To arms, to arms! the enemy is upon us!" In an instant the
trooper was in his saddle, the soldier grasped his musket or his
good toledo, and the action was renewed with greater fury than before.
The Mexicans had received a reinforcement from the city. But their
second attempt was not more fortunate than their first; and the
victorious Spaniards, driving their antagonists before them, entered
and took possession of the town itself, which had already been
evacuated by the inhabitants.
Sandoval took up his quarters in the dwelling of the lord of the
place, surrounded by gardens, which rivalled those of Iztapalapan in
magnificence, and surpassed them in extent. They are said to have been
two leagues in circumference, having pleasure-houses, and numerous
tanks stocked with various kinds of fish; and they were embellished
with trees, shrubs, and plants, native and exotic, some selected for
their beauty and fragrance, others for their medicinal properties.
They were scientifically arranged; and the whole establishment
displayed a degree of horticultural taste and knowledge, of which it
would not have been easy to find a counterpart, at that day, in the
more civilised communities of Europe. Such is the testimony not only
of the rude Conquerors, but of men of science, who visited these
beautiful repositories in the day of their glory.
After halting two days to refresh his forces in this agreeable
spot, Sandoval marched on Jacapichtla, about six miles to the
eastward. It was a town, or rather fortress, perched on a rocky
eminence, almost inaccessible from its steepness. It was garrisoned by
a Mexican force, who rolled down on the assailants, as they
attempted to scale the heights, huge fragments of rock, which,
thundering over the sides of the precipice, carried ruin and
desolation in their path. The Indian confederates fell back in
dismay from the attempt. But Sandoval, indignant that any
achievement should be too difficult for a Spaniard, commanded his
cavaliers to dismount, and, declaring that he "would carry the place
or die in the attempt," led on his men with the cheering cry of "St.
Iago." With renewed courage, they now followed their gallant leader up
the ascent, under a storm of lighter missiles, mingled with huge
masses of stone, which, breaking into splinters, overturned the
assailants, and made fearful havoc in their ranks. Sandoval, who had
been wounded on the preceding day, received a severe contusion on
the head, while more than one of his brave comrades were struck down
by his side. Still they clambered up, sustaining themselves by the
bushes or projecting pieces of rock, and seemed to force themselves
onward as much by the energy of their wills, as by the strength of
After incredible toil, they stood on the summit, face to face with
the astonished garrison. For a moment they paused to recover breath,
then sprang furiously on their foes. The struggle was short but
desperate. Most of the Aztecs were put to the sword. Some were
thrown headlong over the battlements, and others, letting themselves
down the precipice, were killed on the borders of a little stream that
wound round its base, the waters of which were so polluted with blood,
that the victors were unable to slake their thirst with them for a
Sandoval, having now accomplished the object of his expedition, by
reducing the strongholds which had so long held the Chalcans in awe,
returned in triumph to Tezcuco. Meanwhile, the Aztec emperor, whose
vigilant eye had been attentive to all that had passed, thought that
the absence of so many of its warriors afforded a favourable
opportunity for recovering Chalco. He sent a fleet of boats for this
purpose across the lake, with a numerous force under the command of
some of his most valiant chiefs. Fortunately the absent Chalcans
reached their city before the arrival of the enemy; but, though
supported by their Indian allies, they were so much alarmed by the
magnitude of the hostile array, that they sent again to the Spaniards,
invoking their aid.
The messengers arrived at the same time with Sandoval and his
army. Cortes was much puzzled by the contradictory accounts. He
suspected some negligence in his lieutenant, and, displeased with
his precipitate return in this unsettled state of the affair,
ordered him back at once, with such of his forces as were in
fighting condition. Sandoval felt deeply injured by this proceeding,
but he made no attempt at exculpation, and, obeying his commander in
silence, put himself at the head of his troops, and made a rapid
countermarch on the Indian city.
Before he reached it, a battle had been fought between the
Mexicans and the confederates, in which the latter, who had acquired
unwonted confidence from their recent successes, were victorious. A
number of Aztec nobles fell into their hands in the engagement, whom
they delivered to Sandoval to be carried off as prisoners to
Tezcuco. On his arrival there, the cavalier, wounded by the unworthy
treatment he had received, retired to his own quarters without
presenting himself before his chief.
During his absence, the inquiries of Cortes had satisfied him of
his own precipitate conduct, and of the great injustice he had done
his lieutenant. There was no man in the army on whose services he
set so high a value, as the responsible situations in which he had
placed him plainly showed; and there was none for whom he seems to
have entertained a greater personal regard. On Sandoval's return,
therefore, Cortes instantly sent to request his attendance; when, with
a soldier's frankness, he made such an explanation as soothed the
irritated spirit of the cavalier,- a matter of no great difficulty, as
the latter had too generous a nature, and too earnest a devotion to
his commander and the cause in which they were embarked, to harbour
a petty feeling of resentment in his bosom.
During the occurrence of these events, the work was going
forward actively on the canal, and the brigantines were within a
fortnight of their completion. The greatest vigilance was required, in
the mean time, to prevent their destruction by the enemy, who had
already made three ineffectual attempts to burn them on the stocks.
The precautions which Cortes thought it necessary to take against
the Tezcucans themselves, added not a little to his embarrassment.
At this time he received embassies from different Indian states,
some of them on the remote shores of the Mexican Gulf, tendering their
allegiance and soliciting his protection. For this he was partly
indebted to the good offices of Ixtlilxochitl, who, in consequence
of his brother's death, was now advanced to the sovereignty of
Tezcuco. This important position greatly increased his consideration
and authority through the country, of which he freely availed
himself to bring the natives under the dominion of the Spaniards.
The general received also at this time the welcome intelligence of
the arrival of three vessels at Villa Rica, with two hundred men on
board, well provided with arms and ammunition, and with seventy or
eighty horses. It was a most seasonable reinforcement. From what
quarter it came is uncertain; most probably, from Hispaniola.
Cortes, it may be remembered, had sent for supplies to that place; and
the authorities of the island, who had general jurisdiction over the
affairs of the colonies, had shown themselves, on more than one
occasion, well inclined towards him, probably considering him, under
all circumstances, as better fitted than any other man to achieve
the conquest of the country.
The new recruits soon found their way to Tezcuco; as the
communications with the port were now open and unobstructed. Among
them were several cavaliers of consideration, one of whom, Julian de
Alderete, the royal treasurer, came over to superintend the
interests of the crown.
1. "De lejos comenzáron á gritar, como lo suelen hacer en la Guerra, que cierto es cosa espantosa oillos." Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, p. 209.
2. Ibid., loc. cit.--Bernal Diaz, Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 141.--Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind., MS., lib. 33, cap. 20.--Ixtlilxochitl, Venida de los Esp., pp. 13, 14.--Idem, Hist. Chich., MS., cap. 92.--Gomara, Crónica, cap. 125.
3. These towns rejoiced in the melodious names of Tenajoccan, Quauhtitlan and Azcapozalco. I have constantly endeavoured to spare the reader, in the text, any unnecessary accumulation of Mexican names, which, as he is aware by this time, have not even brevity to recommend them.
4. They burned this place, according to Cortés, in retaliation of the injuries inflicted by the inhabitants on their countrymen in the retreat. "Y en amaneciendo los Indios nuestros Amigos comenzáron á saquear, y quemar toda la Ciudad, salvo el Aposento donde estabamos, y pusiéron tanta diligencia, que aun de él se quemó un Quarto; y esto se hizo, porque quando salímos la otra vez desbaratados de Temixtitan, pasando por esta Ciudad, los Naturales de ella juntamente con los de Temixtitan nos hiciéron muy cruel Guerra, y nos matáron muchos Españoles." Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, p. 210.
5. "Luego mandó, que todos se retraxessen; y con el mejor concierto que pudo, y no bueltas las espaldas, sino los rostros á los contrarios, pie contra pie, como quien haze represas." Bernal Diaz, Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 141.
6. "Desta manera se escapó Cortés aquella vez del poder de México, y quando se vió en tierra firme, dió muchas gracias á Dios." Ibid., ubi supra.
7. "Pensais, que hay agora otro Muteczuma, para que haga todo, lo que quisieredes?" Rel. Terc. de Cortés, ap. Lorenzana, p. 211.
8. "Y peleaban los unos con los otros muy hermosamente." Ibid., ubi supra.--Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind., MS., lib. 33, cap. 20.
9. "Y comenzámos á lanzear en ellos, y duró el alcanze cerca de dos leguas todas llanas, como la palma, que fué muy hermosa cosa." Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, p. 212.
10. For the particulars of this expedition of Cortés, see, besides his own Commentaries so often quoted, Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind., MS., lib. 33, cap. 20,--Torquemada, Monarch. Ind., lib. 4, cap. 85,--Gomara, Crónica, cap. 125,--Ixtlilxochitl, Venida de los Esp., pp. 13, 14,--Bernal Diaz, Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 141.
11. Rel. Terc. de Cortés, ap. Lorenzana, pp. 214, 215.--Gomara, Crónica, cap. 146.--Bernal Diaz, Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 142.--Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind., MS., lib. 33, cap. 21.
12. "La qual Huerta," says Cortés, who afterwards passed a day there, "es la mayor, y mas hermosa, y fresca, que nunca se vió, porque tiene dos leguas de circuito, y por medio de ella va una muy gentil Ribera de Agua, y de trecho á trecho, cantidad de dos tiros de Ballesta, hay Aposentamientos, y Jardines muy frescos, y infinitos Árboles de diversas Frutas, y muchas Yervas, y Flores olorosas, que cierto es cosa de admiracion ver la gentileza, y grandeza de toda esta Huerta." (Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, pp. 221, 222.) Bernal Diaz is not less emphatic in his admiration. Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 142.
13. The distinguished naturalist, Hernandez, has frequent occasion to notice this garden, which furnished him with many specimens for his great work. It had the good fortune to be preserved after the Conquest, when particular attention was given to its medicinal plants, for the use of a great hospital established in the neighborhood. See Clavigero, Stor. del Messico, tom. II. p. 153.
14. "É como esto vió el dicho Alguacil Mayor, y los Españoles, determináron de morir, ó subilles por fuerza á lo alto del Pueblo, y con el apellido de Señor Santiago comenzáron á subir." Rel. Terc. de Cortés, ap. Lorenzana, p. 214,--Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind.; MS., lib. 33, cap. 21.
15. So says the Conquistador. (Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, p. 215.) Diaz, who will allow no one to hyperbolize but himself, says, "For as long as one might take to say an Ave Maria!" (Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 142.) Neither was present.
16. The gallant Captain Diaz, who affects a sobriety in his own estimates, which often leads him to disparage those of the chaplain, Gomara, says, that the force consisted of 20,000 warriors in 2000 canoes. Ibid., loc. cit.
17. "El Cortés no le quiso escuchar á Sandoual de enojo, creyendo que por su culpa, ó descuido, recibia mala obra nuestros amigos los de Chalco; y luego sin mas dilacion, ni le oyr, le mandó bolver." Ibid., ubi supra.
18. Besides the authorities already quoted for Sandoval's expedition, see Gomara, Crónica, cap. 126,--Ixtlilxochitl, Hist. Chich., MS., cap. 92,--Torquemada, Monarch. Ind., lib. 4, cap. 86.
19. "Ixtlilxochitl procuraba siempre traer á la devocion y amistad de los Cristianos no tan solamente á los de el Reyno de Tezcuco sino aun los de las Provincias remotas, rogándoles que todos se procurasen dar de paz al Capitan Cortés, y que aunque de las guerras pasadas algunos tuviesen culpa, era tan afable y deseaba tanto la paz que luego al punto los reciviria en su amistad." Ixtlilxochitl, Hist. Chich., MS., cap. 92.
20. Cortés speaks of these vessels, as coming at the same time, but does not intimate from what quarter. (Rel. Terc., ap. Lorenzana, p. 216.) Bernal Diaz, who notices only one, says it came from Castile. (Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 143.) But the old soldier wrote long after the events he commemorates, and may have confused the true order of things. It seems hardly probable that so important a reinforcement should have arrived from Castile, considering that Cortés had yet received none of the royal patronage, or even sanction, which would stimulate adventurers in the mother country to enlist under his standard.
21. Bernal Diaz, Hist. de la Conquista, cap. 143.--Oviedo, Hist. de las Ind., MS., lib. 33, cap. 21.--Herrera, Hist. General, dec. 3, lib. 1, cap. 6.
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