"For the first time we have had the chance to examine there the effect that slavery produces on society. On the right bank of the Ohio everything is activity, industry; labour is honoured; there are no slaves. Pass to the left bank and the scene changes so suddenly that you think yourself on the other side of the world; the enterprising spirit is gone. There, work is not only painful: it's shameful, and you degrade yourself in submitting yourself to it. To ride, to hunt, to smoke like a Turk int he sunshine: there is the destiny of the white. To do any other kind of manual labour is to act like a slave. The whites, to the South of the Ohio, form a veritable aristocracy which, like the others, combines many prejudices with high sentiments and instincts. They say, and I am very much inclined to believe, that in the matter of honour these men practice delicacies and refinements unknown in the North. They are frank, hospitable,, and put many things before money. They will end, nevertheless, by being dominated by the North. Every day the latter grows more wealthy and densely populated while the South is stationary or growing poor."
"'Is it true that great differences exist between the Americans of the North and those of the South?' he now asked.
'Yes, in Baltimore we think we can recognize a Yankee, or even an inhabitant of New-York or Philadelphia in the street.
'But what are the chief traits that distinguished the North and the South?
'I should express the difference in this way. What distinguishes the North is its enterprising spirit, what distinguishes the South is l'esprit aristocratique [spirit of chivalry?]. The manners of the inhabitant of the South are frank, open; he is excitable, irritable even, exceedingly touchy of his honour. The New Englander is cold and calculating, patient. While you are with the Southerner you are welcome, he shares with you all the pleasures of his house. The Northerner, after having received you, begins to wonder whether he couldn't do some business with you."
Tocqueville's interview with "Mr. Latrobe, a very distinguished Baltimore lawyer" (Pierson 496-497)
|Alabama||District of Columbia|
|North Carolina||South Carolina|