Alexis de Tocqueville,
Democracy in America
Table of Contents: Volume I
Table of Contents: Volume II
- Introduction to the Second Volume.
- Section I: Influence of Democracy on the Action of Intellect in The United States.
- Philosophical Method of The Americans.
- Of the Principal Source of Belief Among Democratic Nations.
- Why the Americans Show More General Aptitude and Taste for
General Ideas that their Forefathers, The English.
- Why the Americans have never been so Eager as the French for
General Ideas in Political Affairs.
- How Religion in The United States Avails itself of Democratic
- The Progress of Roman Catholicism in The United States,
- What Causes Democratic Nations to Incline toward Pantheism,
- How Equality Suggests to the Americans the Indefinite Perfectibility
- The Example of the Americans does not Prove that a Democratic
People can have no Aptitude and no Taste for Science, Literature, or Art.
- Why the Americans are more Addicted to Practical rather than
- In What Spirit the Americans Cultivate the Arts.
- Why the Americans Raise Some Insignificant Monuments and Others
that are Very Grand.
- Literary Characteristics of Democratic Times.
- The Trade of Literature.
- The Study of Greek and Latin Literature is Peculiarly Useful in The
- How American Democracy has Modified the English Language.
- Of Some Sources of Poetry Among Democratic Nations.
- Why American Writers and Orators Use an Inflated Style.
- Some Observations of the Drama among Democratic Nations.
- Some Characteristics of Historians in Democratic Times.
- On Parliamentary Eloquence in The United States.
- Section 2: Influence of Democracy on the Feelings of Americans.
- Why Democratic Nations Show a more Ardent and Enduring Love of
Equality than of Liberty.
- Of Individualism in Democratic Countries.
- Individualism Strong at the Close of a Democratic Revolution than at
- That the Americans Combat the Effects of Individualism with Free
- Of the Uses which the Americans Make of Public Associations.
- Of the Relation of Public Associations and the Newspapers.
- Relation of Civil to Political Associations.
- How the Americans Combat Individualism by the Principle of
Self-Interest Rightly Understood.
- That the Americans Apply the Principle of Self-interest Rightly
Understood to Religions Matters.
- Of the Taste for Physical Well-being in America.
- Peculiar Effects of the Love of Physical Gratification in Democratic
- Why Some Americans Manifest a Sort of Spiritual Fanaticism.
- Why the Americans are so Restless in the Midst of their
- How the Taste for Physical Gratification's is United in America to
of Freedom and Attention to Public Affairs.
- How Religious Belief Sometimes Turns Americans to Immaterial
- How Excessive Care for Worldly Welfare may Impair that
- How, When Conditions are Equal and Skepticism is Rife, it is
Important to Direct Human Actions to Distant Objects.
Why Among the Americans All Honest Callings are Considered
- What Causes Almost All Americans to Follow an Industrial
- How an Aristocracy may be Created by Manufactures.
- Section 3: Influence of Democracy on Manners Properly so Called.
- How Customs are Softened as Social Conditions become more
- How Democracy Renders the Social Intercourse of the Americans
- Why the Americans Show so Little Sensitiveness in their own Country
and are so Sensitive in Europe.
- Consequences of the Preceding Three Chapters.
- How Democracy Affects the Relations of Masters and Servants.
- How Democratic Institutions and Manners Tend to Raise Rents and
Shorten the Terms of Leases.
- Influence of Democracy on Wages.
- Influence of Democracy on the Family.
- Education of Young Women in The United States.
- The Young Woman in the Character of the Wife.
- How Equality of Condition Contributes in America to Good
- How Americans Understand the Equality of the Sexes.
- How the Principle of Equality Naturally Divides the Americans into a
Multitude of Small Circles.
- Some Reflections on American Manners.
- Of the Gravity of the Americans and why it does not Prevent them
from often doing Inconsiderate Things.
- Why the National Vanity of the Americans is more Restless and
Captious than that of the English. 1
- How the Aspect of Society in The United States is at once Excited
- Of Honor in The United States and in Democratic Communities.
- Why so many Ambitious Men and so Little Lofty Ambition are to be
Found in The United States.
- The Trade of Place-hunting in Certain Democratic Societies.
- Why Great Revolutions Will become More Rare.
- Why Democratic Nations Naturally Desire Peace, and Democratic
- Which is the Most Warlike and Revolutionary Class in Democratic
- Causes Which Render Democratic Armies Weaker than Other Armies
at the Outset of a Campaign, and More Formidable in Protracted Warfare.
- Of Discipline in Democratic Armies.
- Some Considerations on War in Democratic Communities.
- Section 4: Influence of Democratic Ideas and Feelings on Political Society.
- Influence of Democratic Ideas and Feelings on Political Society.
- That the Opinions of Democratic Nations about Government are
Naturally Favorable to the Concentration of Power.
- That the Sentiments of Democratic Nations Accord with their
in Leading them to Concentrate Political Power.
- Of Certain Peculiar and Accidental Causes which either Lead a People
to Complete the Centralization of Government or Divert them from it.
That Among the European Nations of our Time the Sovereign Power
is Increasing, Although the Sovereigns are Less Stable.
- What sort of Despotism Democratic Nations have to Fear.
- Continuation of the Preceding Chapters.
- General Survey of the Subject,
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