shipyard and marine businesses provided
employment for fishermen, machinists, and craftsmen. The repair
shops of the Fall River Line
were located at Gravelly Point. 
New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad opened repair shops
in 1901 near those for the Fall River Line. Hundreds of men
worked in the steamboat shops; some women worked in the upholstery
section and in the main office. 
workers were stewards and waiters on the steamship lines that
carried summer passengers to and from Newport.
nearby agricultural communities of Middletown and Portsmouth
provided employment for Portuguese farmers, who made up
13 percent of the towns' populations. 
American farmers from the South worked the fields during
the summer months. Other working-class African Americans
were teamsters, blacksmiths, and gardeners.
recruitment chains brought many African Americans from the
southern states to Newport. Many arrived in Newport for work that began before
Lindsay Walker, a native Virginian,
was influential in bringing other Virginians to Newport
for summer work.
and Italian carpenters, masons, roofers, and painters worked
on construction of Fort Adams and the summer estates. Italian
marble workers were specifically hired to work on William
K. Vanderbilt's Marble House. 
Newport Country Club
In the Winter Months
Newport's dependence on the
summer industry often resulted in winter unemployment.
A study of Newport's social conditions in 1912, sponsored
by the Newport Civic League, found that less than
three-fifths of the heads of families surveyed worked
all 12 months of the year.
Only about 14 percent of those surveyed were employed
7 months of the year. In addition, almost half of
the heads of families surveyed made less than $12
a week. 
Americans and Irish earned more than African Americans. Wages did not increase during the summer months to offset winter unemployment.
study suggested that industrial conditions in Newport
made regular employment impossible. The committee
recommended establishing manufacturing industries
such as pottery and jewelry manufacture, which
they believed would find a market in Newport. The
report also recommended redistributing workers through
the State Employment Bureau during the slow months.
Cottage Industries provided work to people unable
to find employment and trained young people in the
home industries. Townsend School, run by a charity,
gave Newport working-class girls an opportunity
to learn the domestic arts. 
Visitors from Providence
and Pawtucket, Rhode Island; Fall River, Massachusetts; New
London and New Haven, Connecticut; and as far away as New York
City came to Newport in the late nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries. A vast network of railroad, steamboat,
and trolley lines
facilitated travel there.