Class and Leisureat America's First ResortNewport, Rhode Island1870-1914

Primary Sources

Aronovici, Carol. The Newport Survey of Social Problems. Fall River, MA: Monroe Press, 1912.

Bachelder, John B. Popular Resorts and How to Reach Them. 3rd ed. rev. Boston: John B. Bachelder, Publisher, 1875.

Baedecker, Karl. The United States. New York and Leipzig, 1893; New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.

Baedecker, Karl. The United States. New York, 1909.

Bourget, Paul. Outre-Mer: Impressions of America. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895.

Brownell, W. C. "Newport." Scribner's 16 (August 1894): 137-156.

Davis, Hartley. "Magnificent Newport." Munsey's 23 (July 1900): 473-488.

Dix, William Frederick. "One View of Newport." The Independent 55: 1314-20.

Dunn, Robert. "Along the Atlantic Shore." Outing 42 (August 1903): 551-560.

Dunn, Robert. "Newport, The Blessed of Sport." Outing 52 (September 1908): 689-99.

Elliott, Maud Howe. "Newport, The Cradle of American Sports." Newport History (October 1933).

Guide Book for 1885. Newport, RI: Frank G. Harris, 1885.

Kavanagh, Edge. "The Palace Cottages of Newport." Munsey's 17: 833-40.

Matthews, Franklin. "Vacations for the Workers." World's Work 6 (June 1903): 3516-20.

Morris, Gouverneur. "Newport the Maligned." Everybody's 19 (September 1908): 311-25.

Newport City Directory. 1880. Collections of the Newport Historical Society.

Newport Pathfinder. Newport, RI: Benjamin G. Oman, 1909, 1911.

Paine, Ralph D. "Are Riches Demoralizing American Life?" World's Work 6 (September 1903): 3913-19.

Perry, Lawrence. "The Business of Vacations." World's Work 6 (June 1903): 3506-16.

Powell, E. P. "A Simple Vacation." The Independent 1320-27.

Schuyler, Montgomery. "A Newport Palace." Cosmopolitan 29 (August 1900): 361-371.

Slocum, Eileen G. "Memories of Bellevue Avenue: The Story of a Newport Family." Newport History 67 (1995): 36-50.

"The People at Play." World's Work 4 (August 1902): 2373-77.

Veblen, Thorstein. The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions. New York: MacMillan, 1899; New York: Penguin Books, 1953. This text is also available online.

Secondary Sources

Armstead, Myra B. Young. "Lord, Please Don't Take Me in August": African Americans in Newport and Saratoga Springs, 1870-1930. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Aron, Cindy S. Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Barth, Gunther. City People: The Rise of Modern City Culture in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980; Oxford University Press Paperback, 1982.

Braden, Donna R. Leisure and Entertainment in America. Deerborn, MI: Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, 1988.

Butsch, Richard, ed. For Fun and Profit: The Transformation of Leisure into Consumption. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.

Downing, Antoinette, and Vincent Scully Jr. The Architectural Heritage of Newport, Rhode Island, 1640-1915. 2nd ed. rev. New York: C. N. Potter, 1967.

Dulles, Foster Rhea. America Learns to Play: A History of Popular Recreation, 1607-1940. New York: D. Appleton Century Company, 1940.

Foster, George H., and Peter C. Weiglin. Splendor Sailed the Sound: The New Haven Railroad and the Fall River Line. San Mateo, CA: Potentials Group, Inc., 1989.

Homberger, Eric. Mrs. Astor's New York. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

LaJoie, Marie-Claire, Archivist, Fall River Historical Society. Interview by Author, 7 July 2001, Telephone, Fall River, Massachusetts.

Lowenthal, Larry. "The Cliff Walk at Newport." Newport History 61 (Fall 1988): 110-143.

McAdam, Roger Williams. Floating Palaces: New England to New York on the Old Fall River Line. Providence, RI: Mowbray Company, 1972.

McLoughlin, William G. Rhode Island: A History. The States and the Nation Series. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1986.

O'Connor, Richard. The Golden Summers: An Antic History of Newport. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1974.

Panaggio, Leonard J. Portrait of Newport II. Newport, RI: Bank of Newport, 1994.

Patterson, Jerry E. The First Four Hundred: Mrs. Astor's New York in the Gilded Age. New York: Rizzoli, 2000.

Preservation Society of Newport County. A Guidebook to Newport Mansions of the Preservation Society of Newport County. Newport, RI: Preservation Society of Newport County, 1984.

Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. The Everyday Life in America Series. ed. Richard Balkan. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991.

Schreier, Barbara A., and Michele Majer. "The Resort of Pure Fashion: Newport, Rhode Island, 1890-1914." Rhode Island History 47 (1989): 22-34.

Schumacher, Alan T. "19th Century Newport Guide Books." Newport History 51 (Fall 1978): 73-93.

Sherman, Archibald C. Newport and the Savings Bank. Newport, RI: Savings Bank of Newport, 1944.

Snydacker, Daniel, Jr., Michelle Christiansen, Deborah Walker, and Elliott Caldwell. "The Business of Leisure: The Gilded Age in Newport." Newport History 62 (1989): 97-126.

Snydacker, Daniel, Jr., Richard W. Berry, and Edward W. Smith Jr. "Pride and Pleasure in the New England Steamship Company."Newport History 62 (1989): 151-183.

Steamship Historical Society of America. Steamboats: The Fall River Line. Videocassette.

Warburton, Eileen. In Living Memory: A Chronicle of Newport, Rhode Island, 1888-1988. Newport, RI: Newport Savings and Loan Association/Island Trust Company, 1988.

Ward, J. Stedman. "The Trolley Car Days of Newport, R.I."Newport History 47 (Spring 1974):129-152.

Wharton, Edith. A Backward Glance. New York: D. Appleton-Century Company, 1934. Reprint, New York: Scribner, 1964.

Wright, Sarah Bird. Edith Wharton, A to Z: The Essential Guide to the Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, 1998.

Youngken, Richard C. African Americans in Newport. Newport, RI: Newport Historical Society, 1998.

Kay Davis, University of Virginia, © 2001