Making rubber dolls.
Muscles are still needed in many industries.
This craftsman, who is preparing designs for high quality
furniture, has worked with wood for forty years. [Left],
his skilled hands are putting the finishing touches on
a mahogany chair leg
The machine which in
about five hours turns out eighteen copies of the chair
leg on which the carver spent fifteen hours. It requires
only one man to set it up and guide it. This "multiple
carver" is relatively skilled, needing perhaps a
year of training for the job
Only a small fraction
of America's bottles now are made by the hand-blowing
process shown on this page. Until blowing machines were
introduced successfully into the industry about 1900,
the technique of glass-blowing remained much the same
as it had been when the Egyptians pictured it on the walls
of their tombs several thousand
years ago. A molde and a tube, together with lung power
and considerable skill, were the principal prerequisites.
Lower right: The "carrying-in boy" pics up the
new-blown, hot bottles and takes them, three at a time,
over to the cooling oven or lehr, lower left, where the
bottles are allowed to cool off gradually.
On this page are shown the mechanical
devices which replace the lungs, legs and arms pictured
opposite. The machine below forms the bottles and shoves
them on to a moving belt. The belt carries them to the "snapper-up,"
left, which lefts them into a mechanically operated lehr.
Bottom: Rows of bottles as they are discharged from cooling
ovens and conveyed to the packing room.