BEFORE telling of my experiences with Kitty Brown I want to relate the following conjure stories which illustrate the attitude of negroes of the Deep South toward this subject.
Old Lady Celestine went next door one day and asked her neighbor to lend her a quarter.
"I want it all in nickels, please, yes."
"Ah don't have five nickels, Tante Celestine, but Ah'11 send a boy to get them for you," the obliging neighbor told her. So she did and Celestine took the money with a cold smile and went home.
Soon after another neighbor came in and the talk came around to Celestine.
"Celestine is not mad any more about the word we had last week. She was just in to pay me a visit."
"Humph!" snorted the neighbor, "maybe she come in to dust yo' door step. You shouldn't let people in that hate you. They come to do you harm."
"Oh no, she was very nice. She borrowed a quarter from me.~)
"Did she ask for small change?"
"Then she is still mad and means to harm you. They always try to get small change from the ones they wish to harm. Celestine always trying to hurt somebody."
"You think so? You make me very skeered."
"Go send your son to see what she is doing. Ah'11 bet she has a candle on yo' money now."
The boy was sent and came running back in terror. "Oh Mamma, come look at what Tante Celestine is doin'."
The two women crept to the crack in old Celestine's door. There in midsummer was the chimney ablaze with black candles. A cup in front of each candle, holding the money. The old woman was stretched out on her belly with her head in the fire?place twirling a huge sieve with a pair of shears stuck in the mesh, whirling and twirling the sieve and muttering the name of the woman who had loaned her the five nickels.
"She is cutting my heart with the shears!" the woman gasped; "the murderer should die." She burst into the house without ceremony and all the Treme heard about the fight that followed.
Mrs. Grant lived down below Canal Street and was a faithful disciple of Dr. Strong, a popular hoodoo doctor who lived on Urquhart Street near St. Claude.
One hot summer night Mr. Grant couldn't sleep, so he sat on the upper balcony in his underwear chewing tobacco. Mrs. Grant was in bed.
A tall black woman lived two blocks down the street. She and Mrs. Grant had had some words a few days past and the black woman had been to a hoodoo doctor and bought a powder to throw at Mrs. Grant's door. She had waited till the hour of two in the morning to do it. just as she was "dusting" the door, Mr. Grant on the balcony tobacco juice struck the woman.
She had no business at the Grant house at all, let alone at two o'clock in the morning throwing War Powder against the door. But even so, she stepped back and gave Mr. Grant, a piece of her mind that was highly seasoned. It was a splendid bit of Creole invective art. He was very apologetic, but Mrs. Grant came to the door to see what was the trouble.
Her enemy had retreated, but as soon as she opened the door she saw the white powder against the door and on the steps. Moreover, there was an egg shell on each step.
Mrs. Grant shrieked in terror and slammed the door shut. She grabbed the chamber pot and ran out of the back door. Next door were three boys. She climbed into their back yard and woke up the family. She must have some urine from the boys. This she carried through the neighbor's front gate to her own door and dashed it over the door and steps. One of the boys was paid to take the egg shells away. She could not enter her front door until the conjure was removed. The neighborhood was aroused?she must have a can of lye. She must have some river water in which to dissolve the lye. All this was dashed against the door and steps.
Early next morning she was at the door of Dr. Strong. He congratulated her on the steps she had already taken, but told her that to be sure she had counteracted all the bad work, she must draw the enemy's "wine". That is, she must injure her enemy enough to draw blood.
So Mrs. Grant hurried home and half filled three quart bottles with water. She put these in a basket, and the basket on her arm, and set out for the restaurant where the night-sprinkler-of-powders?of?powders was a cook.
She asked to speak to her, and as soon as she appeared bam! bam! bam! went the bottles over her head and the "wine" flowed. But she fought back and in the fracas she bit Mrs. Grant's thumb severely, drawing her "wine."
This complicated affairs again. Something must be done to neutralize this loss of blood. She hurried home and called one of the boys next door and said: "Son, here's five dollars. Go get me a black chicken?not a white feather on him?and keep the change for your trouble."
The chicken was brought. She seized her husband's razor and split the live bird down the breast and thrust her fist inside. As the hot blood and entrails enveloped her hand, she went into a sort of frenzy, shouting: "I got her, I got her, I got her now!"
A wealthy planter in Middle Georgia was very arrogant in his demeanor towards his Negro servants. He boasted of being "unreconstructed" and that he didn't sass him.
A Negro family lived on his place and worked for him. The father, it seems, was the yard man, the mother, the cook. The boys worked in the field and a daughter worked in the house and waited on the table.
There was a huge rib?roast of beef one night for dinner. The white man spoke very sharply for some reason to the girt and she sassed right back. He jumped to his feet and seized the half-eaten roast by the naked ribs and struck her with the vertebrate end. The blow landed squarely on her temple and she dropped dead.
The cook was attracted to the dining-room door by the tumult. The white man resumed his seat and was replenishing his plate. He coolly told the mother of the dead girl to "Call Dave and you all take that sow up off the floor."
Dave came and the parents bore away the body of their daughter, the mother weeping.
Now Dave was known to dabble in hoodoo. The negroes around both depended upon him and feared him.
He came back to clear away the blood of the murdered girl. He came with a pail and scrubbing brush. But first he sopped his handkerchief in the blood and put it into his pocket. Then he washed up the floor.
That night the Negro family moved away. They knew better than to expect any justice. They knew better than to make too much fuss about what had happened.
But less than two weeks later, the planter looked out of window one night and thought he saw Dave running across the lawn away from the house. He put up the window and called to demand what he was doing on his place, but the figure dis-' appeared in the trees. He shut the window and went to his wife's room to tell her about it and found her in laughing hysteria. She laughed for three days despite all that the doctors did to quiet her. On the fourth day she became maniacal and attacked her husband. Shortly it was realized that she was hopelessly insane and she had to be put in an institution. She made no attempt to hurt anyone except her husband. She was gentleness itself with her two children.
The plantation became intolerable to the planter, so he decided to move to more cheerful surroundings with his children. He had some friends in South Carolina, so he withdrew his large account at the bank and transferred it to South Carolina and set up a good home with the help of a housekeeper.
Two years passed and he became more cheerful. Then one night he heard steps outside his window and looked out. He saw a man-a Negro. He was sure it was Old Dave. The man ran away as before. He called and ran from the house in pursuit. He was determined to kill him if he caught him, for he began to fear -ambush from the family of the girl he had murdered. He ran back to get his son, his gun and the dogs to trail the Negro.
As he burst into the front door he was knocked down by a blow on the head, but was not unconscious. His twenty year old son was raving and screaming above him with a poker in his hand. He struck blow after blow, his father dodging and covering himself as best he could. The housekeeper rushed up and caught the poker from behind and saved the man on the floor. The boy was led away weeping by the woman, but renewed his attack upon his father later in the night. This kept up for more than a month before the devoted parent would consent to his confinement in an institution for the criminally insane.
This was a crushing blow to the proud and wealthy exPlanter. He once more gathered up his goods and moved away.
But a year later the visitation returned. He saw Dave. was sure of it. This time he locked himself in his room and asked the housekeeper through the door about his daughter. She reported the girl missing. He decided at once that his black enemies had carried off his daughter Abbie. He made ready to pursue He unlocked his door and stepped into the hall to put on his overcoat. When he opened the closet his daughter pointed gun in his face and pulled the trigger. The gun snapped. happened to be unloaded. She had hidden in the closet to shoot him whenever he emerged from his room. Her disordered brain had overlooked the cartridges.
So he moved to Baltimore-out in a fashionable neighborhood",, The nurse who came to look after his deranged daughter ha become his mistress. He skulked about, fearful of every Negro man he saw. At no time must any Negro man come upon his premises. He kept guns loaded and handy, but hidden from giggling, simpering daughter, Abbie, who now and then at',, tacked him with her fists. His love for his children was tremendous. He even contrived to have his son release in his charge. But two weeks later, as he drove the family out, the young man sitting in the rear seat attacked him from behind and would have killed him but for the paramour and a traffic officer.
"When I was a boy' about ten years old there was a man named Levi Conway whom I knew well. He operated a ferry', and had money and was highly respected by all. He was very careful about what he wore. He was tall and brown and wore a pompadour. He usually wore a broad?brimmed Stetson.
"He began to change. People thought he was going crazy. He owned lots of residential property but he quickly lost everything in some way that nobody seemed to understand He grew careless in his dress and became positively untidy. He even got to the point where he'd buy ten cents worth of whiskey and drink it right out of the bottle.
"He began to pick up junk-old boilers, stones' heels',pieces of harness, etc., and drag it around for miles every day. Then he'd bring it home and pile it in his backyard. This kept up for ten years or more.
"Finally he got sick in bed and couldn't get up.
"Tante Lida kept house for him. She was worried over his sickness, so she decided to get a woman from the Treme to find out what was wrong. The woman came. She was about fifty with a sore on her nose.
"She looked at Levi in the bed. Then she came out to Tante Lida. 'Sure, something has been done. I don't believe I can do anything to save him now, but I can tell you who did the work. You fix a place for me to stay here tonight and in the morning I will tell you.'
"Early next morning she sent for a heart of sheep or beef. She had them get her a package of needles and a new kettle. She lit a wood fire in the yard and filled the kettle one?third full of water and stood over the pot with the heart. She stuck the needles in one by one, muttering and murmuring as she stuck them in. When the water was boiling hard she dropped the heart in. It was about eleven o'clock in the morning.
"'Now we shall know who has done this thing to Levi. In a few minutes the one who did it will come and ask for two things. Don't let him have either.'
"In a few minutes in came Pere Voltaire, a man whom all of us knew. He asked how Levi was. They told him pretty bad! He asked would they let him have two eggs and they said they had none. Then he asked would they lend him the wheelbarrow, and they said it wasn't there. The old woman winked and said, 'That is he.'
"He went on off. Then she told them to look into the pot, and they did. The heart was gone.
A week later Levi died.
"This is the funny part. Some time after that my older brother, my cousin and I rowed over to the west bank of the river. Just knocking about as boys will, we found an old leaky boat turned upside down on the bank just out of reach of the water. I wondered who owned the piece of trash. My brother told me it belonged to Pere Voltaire. I said: 'Why doesn't he get a decent boat? This is too rotten to float.'
"I turned it over and found a great deal of junk under it bundles tied up in rags, old bottles and cans and the like. So I started to throwing the stuff into the water and my cousin helped me. We pushed the boat in, too. My brother tried to stop us.
"I forget now how it was that Pere Voltaire knew we did that. But two days later I began to shake as if I had an ague. Nothing the doctors could do stopped me. Two days later my cousin began to shake and two days after that my brother started to shake. It was three or four months before we could be stopped. But my brother stopped first. Then my cousin, then at last I stopped."