Works Cited

The Machine Age

1 Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America. (NY: Hill And Wang, 1982), p. 41.
2 Centennial Website
3 Trachtenberg, p. 42.
4 Trachtenberg, p. 38.


The Tramp Problem

1 Pinkerton, Allan. Strikers, Communists, Tramps and Detectives. ((NY: G.W. Carleton & Co., 1877), p. -.
2 Monkkonen, Eric. ed. Walking To Work: Tramps in America, 1790-1935. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984), p. 2.
3 Bruns, Roger A. Knights of the Road. (NY: Methuen Inc., 1980), p. 28.
4 Pinkerton, p. 31.
5 The Social Reform Papers of John James McCook. Ed. Adela Haberski French. (Hartford: The Antiquarian and Landmarks Society, Inc., of Connecticut, 1977), p. 5.
6 "The Tramp as a Social Factor." Address by William J. Gorsuch Delivered under the auspices of the Hartford Central Labor Union. (Hartford, CT: Press of Clark and Smith, 1891), p. 9.


The Role of the Railroad

1 Allsop, Kenneth. Hard Travellin'. (NY: The New American Library, 1967), p.111.
2 Bruns, Roger A. Knights of the Road. (NY: Methuen Inc., 1980), p. 8.
3 Allsop, p. 112.


The City

1 Anderson, Nels. The Hobo. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1923), p. 4.
2 Anderson, p. 14.
3 Parker, Carleton. The Casual Laborer and Other Essays. (NY: Harcourt, Brace And Howe, Inc., 1920), p. 120.
4 Parker, 121.
5 Bruns, Roger A.. Knights of the Road. (NY: Methuen Inc., 1980), p. 109.
6 Bruns, p. 111.
7 Brown, Edwin A. "Broke": The Man Without The Dime. (Chicago: Browne & Howell Company, 1913), p. 73.


The Jungle

1 Anderson, Nels. The Hobo. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1923), p. 16.
2 Pinkerton, Alan. "Strikers, Communists, Tramps and Detectives. (NY: G.W. Carleton & Co., 1877), p. 37.
3 Anderson, p. 17.
4 Anderson, p. 20.
5 Allsop, Kenneth. Hard Travellin'. (NY: The New American Library, 1967), p.168.
6 Anderson, p. 26.


Riding The Rails

1 Flynt, Josiah. Tramping With Tramps. (College Park, Maryland: McGrath Publishing Company, 1969 reprint), p. 303.
2 Bruns, Roger A. Knights of the Road. (NY: Methuen Inc., 1980), p. 37.
3 Etulain, Richard, ed. Jack London on the Road: The Tramp Diary and Other Writings. (Logan: Utah State University Press, 1979), p. 91.
4 Brown, Edwin A. "Broke": The Man Without The Dime. (Chicago: Browne & Howell Company, 1913), p. 37.
5 Anderson, Nels. The Hobo. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1923), p. 100.
6 Tully, Jim. Beggars of Life. (NY: Garden City Publishing Company, 1924), p. 49.


The Changing Face of Labor

1 Anderson, Nels. Men On The Move. (University of Chicago Press, 1940), p. 2.
2 Anderson, p. 12.
3 Monkkonen, Eric. ed. Walking To Work: Tramps in America, 1790-1935. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984), p. 7.
4 Monkkonen, p. 7.


The Changing Face of Migrants

1 galenet site
2 Anderson, Nels. Men On The Move. (University of Chicago Press, 1940), p. 35.
3 Anderson, p. 37
4 Minehan, Thomas. Boy and Girl Tramps of America. (NY: Farrar and Rinehart, 1934), pgs. xi-xvii and pgs. 21-36.


From A Tramp To A King

1 Allsop, Kenneth. Hard Travellin'. (NY: The New American Library, 1967), p.230.
2 Bruns, Roger A. Knights of the Road. (NY: Methuen Inc., 1980), p. 101.
3 Bruns, 124.
4 Bruns, 124.
5 Film from LOC
6 Film from LOC
7 Anderson, Nels. Men On The Move. (University of Chicago Press, 1940), p. 21.



Additional Resources