In order to prove Locke's hypothesis concerning the movement, this project provides examples of these "debates" in the areas of art, social organization and religion in Harlem.
For the artistic comparison, this project singles out the artistic discussion that took place between Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes. Next, it chooses as it representative individuals for social organization, James Weldon Johnson and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Lastly, in the realm of religion, this project focuses in on Rev. Frederick Asbury Cullen of Salem Methodist Episcopal Church and Rev. Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. of the historic Abyssinian Baptist Church
This project highlights these particular individuals for their abilities to embody and represent either populist or elitist thinking in black American leadership. Ultimately, this site hopes to display the differences between the given parties as well as to point to where these contrasting and debating figures overlap.
In order to achieve this end, this project was forced to make some glaring and unfortunately unavoidable exceptions, namely, the inability to forge women as a constitutive portion of this study. Black women writers, intellectuals, philanthropists, entrepreneurs and scientists were the blood in the veins of many of these conversations. Unfortunately, for the purposes of this study and due to concerns with focus, this project was not able to substantially showcase the role of many significant women in the development of this movement.
This project will trace the progressions of the aforementioned pairs along two primary themes: populist and elitist methodology. In order to adequately convey how this polarity shaped up during this moment, it is necessary to examine the two most prominent black American voices at the turn of the twentieth century: Booker T. Washington and William Edward Burghardt (W.E.B.) Dubois.
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New Negro | Set The Stage | Buckets or Books? | Jazz or Junk? | NAACP or UNIA? | Church Leaders | Finale! | Curtain Call