The Brownies' Book
Bannerman, Helen. The Story of Little Black Sambo. Chicago: Reilly & Britton, 1905.

_______________. The Story of Little Black Sambo. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1923.

Clarke, William, ed. St. Nicholas. 1vol. New York: Scribner's, 1921.

Diggs, Irene. "DuBois and Children." Phylon 37.4 (1976): 370-399.

DuBois, W.E.B., ed. The Brownies' Book. 2 vols. New York: DuBois and Dill, 1920-1921.

____________. "Phillis Wheatley and African American Culture." W.E.B. DuBois Reader. Ed. Eric J. Sundquist. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 328-342.

____________. "The Star of Ethiopia." W.E.B. DuBois Reader. Ed. Eric J. Sundquist. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 305-310.

_____________. Souls of Black Folk. New York: Norton, 1999.

_____________. "The Talented Tenth." The Negro Problem: A Series of Articles by
Representative American Negroes of To-day
. New York: James Pott & Company, 1903, 33-75.

English Daylanne. "W.E.B. DuBois's Family Crisis." American Literature. Vol. (year): 186-200.

"Fauset, Jessie Redmon." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2003. Encyclopedia Britannica
. 22 Apr, 2003 <>.

Harris, Violet J. "African American Children's Literature: The First One Hundred Years."
Journal of Negro Education 59.4 (1990): 540-555.

Johnson, Abby Arthur. "Literary Midwife: Jessie Redmon Fauset and the Harlem Renaissance." Phylon 39.2 (1978): 143-253.

Johnson, Dianne. Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African American Literature for Youth. New York: Greenwood, 1990.

Johnson-Feelings, Dianne, Ed. The Best of the Brownies' Book. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Kory, Fern. "Once Upon a Time in Aframerica: The 'Peculiar Significance of Fairies in The Brownies' Book." Children's Literature. 29 (2001): 91-112.

Lane, R.D. " 'Keepin' It Real' ": Walter Dean Meyers and the Promise of African-American Children's Literature." African American Review 32.1 (1998): 125-138.

Lewis, David Levering. W.E.B. DuBois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919. New York: Henry
Holt, 1993.

Orvell, Miles. The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.

Sinnette, Elinor Desverney. "The Brownies' Book: A Pioneer Publication for Children." Freedomways. 5 (1965), 133-142).

Smith, Shawn Michelle. American Archives: Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Wall, Barbara. The Narrator's Voice: The Dilemma of Children's Fiction. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1991.


Fairy Tale Motifs

"Langston Hughes," The Academy of American Poets

Little Black Sambo

"Nella Larsen," Voices From the Gap

St. Nicholas Magazine