|The influence of geometric shapes on the modernist movement in America can be traced to Walter Gropius' Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany. The school taught designers to embrace industry and the machine age and to create affordable and aesthetically pleasing household objects. Marguerite Wildenhain, who studied at the Bauhaus for seven years, is credited with transporting the philosophy to the United States in 1940, where avant-garde artists favored the approach over hand craftsmanship. They "began to radically simplify objects, paring them down to basic geometric shapes that could only be drawn on paper with straight-edge and compass and only be fabricated with machinery."1
Both the simplicity and utility of "geometries" may be seen in everyday objects.
1 J. Stewart Johnson, American Modern 1925-1940: Design for a New Age. (New York: Abrams, 2000), 110.