4) For a reference on antebellum, African American beliefs in the supernatural, see Christine Leigh Heyrman, Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997) 51-52. For a reference concerning early, American Methodism’s focus on the otherworldly, see Randy J. Sparks, “Book Review” in The American Historical Review 105, no.2, (2000): http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ahr/105.2/br_35.html (accessed 7/05/04).