The March Toward War: The <em>March of Time</em> as Document and Propaganda
Introduction The Time Empire MOT as Document Marching into War Voice of Conscience Timeline/Index
The Shadow of War
Germany's Rising Power
The World Prepares for War
America Prepares for War
American Neutrality
Failure of the League
Failure of Versailles
England's Failures
Ambiguous Russia
Plight of the Jews
Humanizing Dictators
Americans All
War Zones
Italy Seizes Ethiopia
Japanese Conquests
Chinese Resistance
Spain's Civil War
The Mediterranean
Pearl Harbor


"Poland and War," June 11, 1937 Play movie

In the Europe of 1937, "No nation fears the consequences of war more than Poland." Territory sliced from Germany in 1919 forms the troublesome Polish corridor, and "all Poles know that Adolf Hitler wants both Danzig and the Polish corridor." Poland is certain it will be involved in war if it breaks out, and thus spends a third of its income on the military. General Josef Pilsudski is revered in Poland because he drove invading Bolsheviks from new Poland. Three million Jews found relief from longtime Czarist prosecution under Pilsudski. "Pilsudski, knowing that Danzig, once a German city, is bound to be German again, was not content to rely upon a fort not wholly Polish." But he dies before his work is done. Mild-mannered Edward Smigly Rydz takes over. "Germany assures Poland that she will observe strictly their 10-year non-aggression pact." France gives Poland assurances of support and a huge loan to support armament.

"But as all Europe watches Poland balancing on the international fence, they see invading Danzig the club-footed chief of Hitler's propaganda machine, Dr. Joseph Goebbels," the Voice of Time says (getting a jab in at Goebbels). Goebbels claims that Danzig is in fact, if not in name, a German city. In Poland's ghettoes, repeated attacks on Jews "are seen the workings of Hitler's machine." Rydz commits himself to no one completely, so Poland is "the last question mark in European politics."