O’Connor then had little interest in “practical” answers to the pervasive nihilism of modernity or its specific expression as social ill. Her primary interest was the creation of an individual awareness, on the one hand, of the failure of the modernist scheme in its denial of authentic reality and, on the other, of an attendant need for personal communion with divinity. In essence, O’Connor advocates the “projection of a religious alternative” to secular society (Bacon 139).
This new community, derived from communion with the divine presence and other human beings also awakened to the re-centered reality, overlays, rather than directly replacing, the old; it requires a re-focusing of both personal perceptions and outward actions. A shift in focus away from the personal and material concerns enables a return to human communion in the midst of modernist alienation.