Endnotes

1. McDonald, Forrest, et al. The Last Best Hope: A History of the United States. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1973, p. 531.

2. ibid., p.539.

3. Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order, 1877-1920. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967, p.viii.

4. Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. New York: Vintage Books, 1993, p. 294-296.

5. ibid., p. 295.

6. ibid.

7. Le Beau, Bryan F. Currier & Ives: America Imagined. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001, p. 27.

8. ibid., p. 19.

9. ibid., p. 337.

10. Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. New York: HarperPerennial, 1991, p. 263.

11. ibid., p. 264.

12. Sarna, Jonathan D., and Jonathan Golden. "The American Jewish Experience Through the Nineteenth Century: Immigration and Acculteration." Brandeis University. <http://nhc.rtp.nc.us/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/judaism.htm>.

13. Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order: 1877-1920. New York: HillandWang, 1967, p. 63.

14. LeBeau, Bryan F. Currier & Ives: America Imagined. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001, p. 97.

15. ibid., p. 294.

16. Lewis, David Andrew. "Didja Ever Want To Be a Fireman." Master's thesis, State University of New York College, 2002.
<http://www.auroraregionalfiremuseum.org/didja/>, p. 12.

17. ibid., p.15.

18. "Disasters: Great Peshtigo Fire of 1871." <http://www.boisestate.edu/history/ncasner/hy210/peshtigo.htm>.

19. "The Great Chicago Fire." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Chicago_Fire

20. Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. New York: HillandWang, 1982, p. 88.

21. Orvell, Miles. The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989, p. 61.

22. ibid.

23.Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. New York: HillandWang, 1982, p. 27.

24. McDonald, Forrest, et al. The Last Best Hope: A History of the United States. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1972, p. 410.

25. ibid., p. 549.

26. ibid., p. 767.

26A. Ciment, James, ed. Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and the New Deal, Vol. I. Armunk: Sharp Reference, 2001, p. 344.

27. McDonald, Forrest, et al. The Last Best Hope: A History of the United States. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1972, p. 578.

28. ibid., p. 584.

29. Aikin, Roger Cushing. "Paintings of Manifest Destiny: Mapping the Nation." American Art. Vol. 14, No. 3 (Autumn 2000), p. 78.

30. LeBeau, Bryan F. Currier & Ives: America Imagined. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001, p. 32.

31. ibid., p. 47.

32. Cava, Eliza. "Westward, Ho! North American Frontier Expansion." 2003 <http://fubini.swarthmore.edu/~ENVS2/Eliza/bison/westward.html>.

33. McMurry, Sally. "City Parlor, Country Sitting Room. Winterthur Portfolio. Vol. 20, No. 4 (Winter 1985), p. 263.

34. ibid., p. 273.

35. ibid., p. 280.

36. Trachtenburg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. New York: HillandWang, 1982, p. 149.

37. ibid., p. 150-151.

38. Schlereth, Thomas J. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915. New York: HarperPerennial, 1991, p. 87.

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