Notes and Further Reading

Further Reading and Study Suggestions

The World's Columbian Exposition is a fascinating and infinitely rich subject for study, which this thesis has only begun to explore. Further subjects for more intensive study might include:

The study of the Fair has produced fascinating articles, books, and conclusions. In particular, I'd like to point out the following as excellent sources of information and interesting reading.

In addition, there are a number of online investigations which touch on subjects closely related to the World's Columbian Exposition.


Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. Massachusetts Historical Society, 1918.

Adams, Henry. The Letters of Henry Adams. Vol. IV: 1892-1899. ed. J.C. Levenson, Ernest Samuels, Charles Vandersee, Viola Hopkins Winner. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1982.

Adams, Judith. "The Promotion of New Technology Through Fun and Spectacle". Journal of American Culture. 18:45-55, Summer 1995.

A Letter to a Farmer's Wife from a World's Fair Hotel (broadside), Mary Haydon, Family Dormitory Hotel. Chicago: 1893.

Applebaum, Stanley. The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1890.

Badger, Reid. The Great American Fair: The World's Columbian Exposition and American Culture. Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1979.

Beer, Thomas. The Mauve Decade: American Life at the End of the Nineteenth Century. NY: Knopf, 1926.

Bogdan, Robert. Freak Show: Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Bolotin, Norman and Christine Laing. The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: The World's Columbian Exposition. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1992.

Brown, Julie K. Contesting Images: Photography and the World's Columbian Exposition. Tuscon: The University of Arizona Press, 1994.

Buck, Lillie West Brown. Amy Leslie at the Fair. Chicago: W.B. Conkey Co., 1893.

Burnett, Frances Hodgson. Two Little Pilgrims' Progress: A Story of the City Beautiful. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895.

Burnham, Clara Louise Root. Sweet Clover: A Romance of the White City. NY: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1894.

Burnham, D.H. Final Official Report of the Division of Works of the World's Columbian Exposition. Vols. 1-8. NY: Garland Publishing, 1989.

Cawelti, John G. "America On Display: The World's Fairs of 1876, 1893, 1933" in The Age of Industrialism in America: Essays in Social Structure and Cultural Values. Jaher, Frederic Cople, ed. NY: The Free Press, 1968.

The Century, 1893.

Columbian Art Company. The Artistic Guide to Chicago and the World's Columbian Exposition, Illustrated. Chicago: R.S. Peale Co., 1891.

The Cosmopolitan, 1893.

Craig, Lois. The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics, and Symbols in United States Government Buildings. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978.

Curti, Merle. "America at the World's Fairs, 1851-1893." The American Historical Review 55:833-856 (July 1950).

Eggleston, R. Beverly. Four Days at Chicago: Descriptive and Historical. Richmond, VA, 1901.

Faulkner, Harold U. Politics, Reform, and Expansion: 1890-1900. NY: Harper & Brothers, 1959.

Findling, John E. Chicago's Great World's Fair. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.

Fjellman, Stephen M. Vinyl Leaves: Walt Disney World and America. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.

Flinn, John J. The Best Things to be Seen at the World's Fair. Chicago: The Columbian Guide Company, 1893.

Gale, Robert L. The Gay 90s in America: A Cultural Dictionary of the 1890s. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Gilbert, James. "A Contest of Cultures". History Today. 42: 33-39 (July 1992).

Greenhalgh, Paul. Ephemeral Vistas: The Expositions Universelles, Great Exhibitions and World's Fairs, 1851-1939. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Hales, Peter B. Constructing the Fair: Platinum Photographs by C.D. Arnold of the World's Columbian Exposition. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1893.

Harper's Monthly 1890-1894

Harris, Neil. "Great American Fairs and American Cities: The Role of Chicago's Columbian Exposition." in Cultural Excursions: Marketing Appetites and Cultural Tastes in Modern America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Hawthorne, Julian. Humors of the Fair. Chicago: E.A. Weeks, 1893.

Historical Dictionary of World's Fairs and Expositions, 1851-1988. Findling, John E. and Kimberly D. Pelle, eds. NY: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Howells, W.D. Letters of an Altrurian Traveller, 1893-94. Gainesville, FL: Scholar's Facsimiles & Reprints, 1961.

Ives, Halsey C. World's Columbian Exposition Official Catalogue--Fine Arts Part X. Chicago: W.B. Gonkey Co., 1893.

Johnson, Rossiter. A History of the World's Columbian Exposition Held in Chicago in 1893. Vols. 1-4. NY: D. Appleton & Co., 1897.

The London Times, 1893..

Miller, Donald M. "The White City". American Heritage. 44:71-87 (July/August 1993).

Muccigrosso, Robert. Celebrating the New World: Chicago's Columbian Exposition of 1893. Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1993.

The Nation 1890-1894

Naylor, Robert Anderton. Across the Atlantic. London: The Roxburgh Press, 1893.

Orvell, Miles. The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Patton, Phil. "'Sell the Cookstove if Necessary, but Come to the Fair'". Smithsonian 24:38-50 (June 1993).

Ralph, Julian. Harper's Chicago and the World's Fair. NY: Harper & Bros. Publishers, 1892.

Rydell, Robert W. All the World's A Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876-1916. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Benedict, Burton. "Rituals of Representations: Ethnic Stereotypes and Colonized Peoples at World's Fairs."
Gilbert, James. "World's Fairs as Historical Events."
Nye, David E. "Electrifying Expositions, 1880-1939."
Yengoyan, Aram A. "Culture, Ideology and World's Fairs: Colonizer and Colonized in Comparative Perspectives." in
Rydell, Robert W. and Nancy Guinn, eds. Fair Representations. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1994.

Schlereth, Thomas. Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1875-1915. NY: Harper Collins, 1991.

Schwantes, Carlos A. Coxey's Army: An American Odyssey. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

The Book of the Fairs: Materials About World's Fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.

The Dream City: A Portfolio of Photographic Views of the World's Columbian Exposition. 1893

The "Time Saver" Chicago: W.E. Hamilton, 1893.

Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. NY: Hill & Wang, 1982.

Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Wyckoff, Walter A. The Workers: An Experiment in Reality: The West. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1898.

Ziff, Larzer. The American 1890s: Life and Times of a Lost Generation. NY: The Viking Press, 1966.


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