THE AMERICAN
Country Almanack,
For the Year of Christian Account,
1751. From the Creation by Scripture, 5760.
Being the Third after Bissextile, or Leap-Year.

Wherein is contained,

The Lunations, Eclipses, Judgment of the Weather, (in this uncertain Climate) Planets Places in the Ecliptick, and mutual Aspects, Sun and Moon rising and setting, Seven Stars rising and setting, Tide Table, Courts, and observable Days.

Calculated from Caroline Tables, according to Art, and fitted for the Province of New-York, but may without sensible Error serve all the Provinces adjacent.

No Time nor Tide for any mortal Wight, Will but one Moment stay its rapid Flight; Whilst we on Earth, Years, Days and Hours divide, With slippery Feet they all do from us glide. Time flies away, altho' it makes no Sound, And various Seasons prove the World goes round; Autumn gives Fruit, and Corn makes Summer fair, Spring shows us Flowers; Fire helps cold Winter's Air.

Indian Relations

"Though the principal efforts of the enemy were directed against New Hampshire and Massachusetts, New York did not remain uninterrupted. While they fortunately kept the five nations on friendly terms, the Canadian Indians now and then committed hostilities on their frontiers. To guard against these, a line of forts was maintained from Schaghticoke, at the mouth of Hoosac river, up the Mohawk, and a considerable garrison was posted at Oswego, and a few men at Saratoga. Notwithstanding these precautions, the latter place, containing about thirty families, was burnt, and most of the people massacred, in November 1747. The assembly of New York, prior to this event, had been extremely averse to offensive measures, probably form a mistaken belief that a pacific conduct, and a continuance of trade would insure safety. But through the earnest recommendation of Governor Clinton, they now adopted offensive measures. Then pounds bounty was offered for the scalps of Indians over sixteen years of age, and twenty pounds for each adult taken alive. Scouts were also established, the garrisons at the advanced posts strengthened, and orders given for fortifying a camp at the great carrying place, since fort Edward.

"But after the destruction of Saratoga, no serious attacks were made on the frontiers of that province, and it appears that the governor of Canada disapproved of incursions into that quarter, for he urged it upon the Cahnawagas, whom he called his children, not to spill more blood from Albany upwards..."

From Hoyt's Antiquarian Researches, 1824.


March 23, 1746-7.

New-York

REVIVED
WEEKLY

With the freshest Advices
Gazette,

IN THE

POST BOY.


Foreign and Domestick.


Fine Florence Oyl to be SOLD by Joseph Scott in New-York.
To be S O L D cheap, A Negro Man with his Wife, who desire to live in the Country; and can talk both French and English: Enquire of the Printer hereof.
A GOOD School-Master for Children, that can teach Reading, Writing and Cyphering, is wanted at Rariton about 6 Miles above Bound Brook: Any Person properly qualified, may meet with good Encouragement by applying to John Broughton.
Just Imported in the Snow Somerset, Capt. John Butler Commander, from Liverpool, the following Goods, and are to be Sold by ROBERT HALIBURTON, at the Store of Mr. Friend Lucas, near the Meal-Market.
DELFT Ware, Hatts, Checks of different Osnabregs. (breadths Irish Linnens. Thread, coloured and (stitching. Nails of different sorts, Sheeting Linnen, Linnen handkerchiefs, Grogram, Tufted Fustian, Bolster Tick. White Stripes, White Jeans, Nonsopretties, Woollen Stockings, Woollen Caps, Cordage, different sizes Men's Shoes, Women's callimanco & worked damask Shoes Woollen golves, Mohair buttons, Silk twist buttons, Mohair, Cotton laces, Counterpains of diffe- rent sorts. Bunts of different sizes Beds and bolsters, Kendal cottons, Broad Cloth. Kerseys, Large & small Bar- Lead, Shot, sorted. Cheshire Cheese, Hard-ware, a fine assortment. Earthen Ware, Fine Salt, Grindstones, with several other Goods.
Notice is hereby given, that a good School-Master is very much wanted at the Landing, near New-Brunswick, where a full School may be had as soon as a Master will settle there, as there is not one in all that Place.
For LONDON, The Snow Sally, Ferdinando Clark, Master, Having Two Thirds of her Lading already engaged, will sail with all possible Expedition. For Freight or Passage, agres with the said Master, or Daniel Shatford.
To be S O L D, TWO Likely Negro Men, one of them a Ship Carpenter by Trade, and the other understands a Team or Plantation-Work; Also a Negro Wench with two small Children; the Wench understands House-work. Any Person inclining to purchase, may apply to Susannah Marsh, Widow, at Perth-Amboy, who will dispose of them on reasonable Terms.
A Good Horse about six Years old, Albany breed, and a handsome Chair almost new, to be Sold; enquire of John Brazier, near the Hon. Rip Van Dam's, Esq;
Deserted the 24th February, from the Virginia Company quarter'd in the Fort at New-York, the three following Soldiers, viz. George Malcolm, an Irishman, about 6 Feet high, aged 36 Years. short black Hair, very much mark'd with the Small Pox and freckled, a stoop in his Shoulders, knock-keed, has a drolling Speech; a Labourer. Archibald Hanna, an Irishman, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, aged about 22 Years, brown Complexion, a Scar over the left Eye, an upright Walk, a Sawyer by Trade. James Row, an Irishman, about 5 Feet 5 Inches high, aged 25 Years, a Weaver by Trade, of a brown Complexion, smooth-faced, a small Stoop in his Shoulder; they carried their Regimentals. Whoever apprehends the said Deserters, or either of them, that he or they be brought to their Quarters, shall receive Two Pistoles Reward for each, paid by Beverly Robinson.
To be Sold by Charles Gilmore. oposite to the English Church, (Very cheap for ready Money,) A Large Assortment of Stockings, and sundry sorts of Dry Goods; also, a pretty good Assortment of Bibles, both large and small, with sundry other Books; likewise Hard-Ware, and a Parcel of Desks.


History of Albany

"The Town of Albany, called anciently Orange Fort, is above 140 Miles from New-York, nearer Canada and Quebec. The Inhabitants are still mostly Dutch. Here is a strong Stone Fort. Queen Annesent a Church of England Minister hither, who has 100 l. a Year settled upon him; and the Representatives for this County in the Assembly moved for a Church at the Expence[sic] of the Province. I know not whether it was yet built. The Town consists now of between 2 and 300 Families, who live very comfortably, and thrive also by the Indian Trade for which it lies very convenient.

Here the Governors of New-York have often Conferences with the Sachems, and a notable one was held here in the first year of Queen Anne, when were here present the Lord Cornbury, Col. Peter Schuyler, Major Dirk Wessels, Commissioners for treating with the Indians; John Belcher, Esq; Mayor of New-York; John Abeel, Esq; Recorder; John Rooseboom, Esq; Alderman; David Schuyler, Esq; Alderman; John Schuyler, Esq; Alderman; Mr. Richard Levinston, Secretary for Indian Affairs; and Hilletie Van Olinda, an old Dutch Woman, Interpretess. The first that had audience were 2 Sachems of the Hurons, or Canada Indians; then 5 Sachems of the Twightwights, and Tronondade Indians; then the Sachems of the Five Nations, in Confederacy with the English. The Kings, in their Speech, make them Six; but I suppose that was a Novelty, on so extraordinary an Occasion, when some additional People were included. Those that appeared here now by their Sachems, were Oneydes, the Onandages, the Cayanges, the Sinnecaas, and the Maquaas. There's hardly any one of these Names but the last, that are pronounced and spelt always exactly in the same manner. The Territories of these Five Nations and the other Indians reach'd to the French Settlements in Canada, the utmost Limits of New-York, Northward. The chief Business of this Conference, besides settling a few Matters in Trade, was the Exchange of Presents, which, on the English Part, are generally two Companies of Soldiers detached to garrison Albany, from whence a Party is usually sent to

History of Schenectady

"Schenectada, 20 Miles above it. Here is, or was lately only one old Fort out of Repair, and the Palisado's rotten, which, I suppose, tempted the French, and their Indians, to insult it, as we have related [they burnt the town and massacred all inhabitants in 1690]. 'Tis rebuilt in a better Manner than before they burnt it, is larger and more populous, and being pretty far in among the Indian Plantations, the Inhabitants make good Advantage of the Trade with them. The Vale about it is not unlike that pleasant Valley which the Trent waters in Nottinghamshire, to which it has been often compared. Here are now about 150 Families, English and Dutch."
From Oldmixon's British Empire in America, 1741


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