Olive Trees, Pale Blue Sky
Vincent van Gogh
Olive Trees, Pale Blue Sky

Gallery Q
French Paintings

Van Gogh's work, like that of Cézanne and Gauguin, was not known to many Americans at the time of the Armory Show. Many of Van Gogh's paintings in the exhibition were from his period of hospitalization in St. Rémy for epilepsy from 1889 to 1890. A number of Provençal studies of olive groves (left) and Parisian still lifes could be seen as well.

The effect of Van Gogh's presence at the 1912 Cologne Sonderbund show was also apparent. The German post-Impressionist exhibition prioritized Van Gogh with 16 works, which impressed not only Walt Kuhn but also Katherine Dreier, who lent the painting she purchased from the exhibition, Mademoiselle Ravoux, to the Armory Show. Dreier, who was primarily a painter not a collector in 1913, became so fascinated with Van Gogh at the Sonderbund exhibit that she traveled to Holland, sought out his sister, and published a biography from the notes she collected. Dreier's painting, which would not become completely abstract until 1918, changed dramatically after the Sonderbund show, and this may have been apparent at least one of her two paintings at the Armory Show. The Avenue, Holland, found in Gallery F, perhaps reflected the uniformity of design that can be seen in a similarly titled work from the same period, departing from her earlier Whistler-inspired paintings.

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