110     Motif K1941, Disguised flayer. Embarrassed by the recurrence of this fictional motif throughout Malagasy narrative (tales 1.6.21, 1.6.24, 1.6.57, and 4.432 in Malagasy Tale Index are examples), but not knowing its popularity in southern Africa and the New World, Becker finds this a realistic survival of anti-elderly attitudes (Conte d'Ibonia, 117 n.4). Ottino (L'Etrangere 478) replies that Ibonia's passage from one world to another over a river requires inverting normal behavior