Volume 4, Plate 2

Ivory-billed woodpecker
Pileated woodpecker
Red-headed woodpecker

Ivory-billed Woodpecker

"The first place I observed this bird at, when on my way to the south, was about twelve miles north of Wilmington in North Carolina. There I found the bird from which the drawing of the figure in the plate was taken. This bird was only wounded slightly in the wing, and on being caught, uttered a loudly reiterated, and most piteous note, exactly resembling the violent crying of a young child; which terrified my horse so, as nearly to have cost me my life. It was distressing to hear it. I carried it with me in the chair, under cover, to Wilmington. In passing trhough the streets, its affecting cries surprised every one within hearing, particularly the females, who hurried to the doors and windows with looks of alarm and anxiety. I drove on, and on arriving at the piazza of the hotel, where I intended to put up, the landlord came forward, and a number of other persons who happened to be there, all equally alarmed at what they heard; this was greatly increased by my asking, whether he could furnish me with accommmodations for myself and my baby. The man looked blank and foolish, while the ohers stared with still greater astonishment. After diverting myself for a minute or two at their expense, I drew my woodpecker from under the cover, and a general laugh took place. I took him up stairs and locked him up in my room, while I went to see my horse taken care of. In less than an hour I returned, and, on opening the door, he set up the same distressing shout, which now appeared to proceed from grief that he had been discovered in his attempts at escape. He had mounted along the side of the window, nearly as high as the ceiling, a little below which he had begun to break through. The bed was covered with large pieces of plaster; the lath was exposed for at least fifteen inches square, and a hole, large enough to admit the fist, opened to the weather-boards; so that, in less than another hour he would certainly have succeeded in making his way through. I now tied a sting round his leg, and, fastening it to the table, again left him. I wished to preseve his life, and had gone off in search of suitable food for him. As I reascended the stairs, I hears him again hard at work, and on entering had the mortification to perceive that he had almost entiredly ruined the mahogany table to which he was fastened, and on which he had wreakd his whole vengeance. While engaged in taking the drawing, he cut me severely in several places, and, on the whole, displayed such a noble and uconquerable spirit, that I was frequently trempted to restore him to his native woods. He lived with me nearly three days, but refused all sustenance, and I witness his death with regret."

Pileated Woodpecker

"Wherever he percieves a tree beginning to decay, he examines it round and round with great skill and desterity, strips off the bard in sheets of five or six feet in length, to get at the hidden cause of the disease, and labours with a gaiety and activity really surprising. I have seen him separate the greaest part of the bard from a alrge dead pine tree, for twenty or thirty feet, in less than a quarter of an hour. Whether engaged in flying from tree to tree, in digging, climbing, or barking, he seems perpetually in a hurry."