"So on the one hand I really believe in empty spaces, but on the other hand, because I'm still making some art, I'm still making junk for people to put in their spaces that I believe should be empty: i.e. I'm helping people waste their space when what I really want to do is help them empty their space."

- Andy Warhol from The Philosophy of Andy Warhol.

Some of the most interesting projects Warhol put together were his installations. When Warhol created one of these no detail was spared in the presentation of the images. His installations such as "Silver Clouds," above, which appears in The Warhol Museum, used the same repetition of images combined with a love of geometric form that could be found in his paintings, but the three dimensional possibilities of an installation where never neglected by Warhol. Most of his installations are designed for viewer interaction. When entering a room filled with silver clouds, giant Babe Ruth candy bars, or lined with his silk-screened boxes a viewer often had to walk though the display, breaking the audience barrier that the modernists placed on art when they committed it to public museums. In Warhol's art world there was no boundary between art and viewer, and he took special care so that the daring who transgressed the line and interacted with the art were not disappointed. One could touch and in fact sit on his sturdy silk-screened boxes, and The Warhol Museum will allow you to touch and play with "Silver Clouds." Though his most interactive installation by far was his "Invisible Sculpture." Warhol stood on Pedestal for a few minutes and then left, but here's the kicker, he incorporated motion devices so that anyone who violated the space of the "Invisible Sculpture," would set off an alarm.

His shows were always designed to impact, and Warhol filled every available space with the image he was hoping to represent when he did solo shows. He painted the walls and sometimes developed special wallpaper, in the case of the Maos, Cows, and Flowers in order to repeat the image even under his paintings. In 1968 he went so far as to cover the entire outside of Moderna Museet in Stolkhom with Cow wallpaper for the exhibition Andy Warhol.

Presentation played a large part in conveying Warhol's message. It is difficult to get the full impact of his dance steps paintings when they are reproduced vertically on paper. The true works, simple copies of dance step diagrams, where displayed horizontally so that the viewer would look down upon them as one could look upon the actual diagrams in a dance class. The sheer repetition of images that could be accomplished when every available surface was filled is shocking. A viewer could walk into a room and be surrounded by the same image colored differently and filled with an ever-increasing variety of tiny alterations to the image due to the silk-screening process. In the case of shadows, the paintings were placed so close together that from afar they seemed to bleed into each other creating a huge wall wrap. The attention to detail and the effect of repetition made the art spaces of Warhol almost as important as the art.

For some images of Warhol's instalations, click here.

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