Unit Characteristics

Even though all the Confederate states claimed to be fighting for the Confederacy, each often had its own personality and characteristics. As J. H. Crute, Jr. said in his book, Units of the Confederate Army:

"Soldiers from different states did have different characteristics upon the battle field. The Virginians were the cavaliers of the South. They were not impulsive, but cool and steady under fire. North Carolinians had little enthusiasm, but were obstinate, tenacious, and brave. The men from South Carolina took on the inspirations of their Scotch, German, and French Huguenot forefathers. With enthusiasm they would storm any cannon and raise the Rebel Yell. The Georgians would charge a breastwork with the same light-heartedness as they went to a cotillion, all in a frolick. Florida did not have many troops, but they were impulsive, impetuous, and rapid of fire. Men of Alabama and Mississippi came from pioneer stock and were accustomed to hardships from childhood. They were strong and hardy, and fine marksmen. The Texans were bold and adventurous spirits. Hood's Texas Brigade shared honors with the Stonewall Brigade in endurance and obstinacy in action. The Louisianians were the Frenchmen of the South. They were light-hearted in camp and light-hearted in battle. Tennesseeans were "backwoods" progenitors. Their courage in the Battle of Chickamauga is distinguished by showing the greatest loss, forty-nine percent. The men of Arkansas inherited all the virtues of their forefathers. They were fearless and at times courageous beyond prudence. The border states, Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland, provided the free lance warriors of the South. They joined the fortunes of the Confederacy with the purest motives and fought with the highest ideals.

The men who served in these units formed a remarkable army. Quickly assembled, they were farmers, lawyers, teachers, merchants, laborers, bankers, clergymen, planters, doctors, clerks, carpenters, and politicians. But they shared a common faith in the Southern cause. Usually self equipped and unpaid, they did not want to imitate regular soldiers. These men were independent, reckless, and self confident. And despite the poor discipline, scant clothing, meager rations, and inadequate ordnance, they put up a magnificent fight. "

Below are images of flags of several units. Click on the image to view the flag up close and get a brief history.

Battle Flags of the Confederacy

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