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How many emigrants were killed by Indians in the 1840's along the Oregon Trail?
 

          The danger of Indian attacks has been greatly exaggerated.  In the 1840ís, many emigrants depended on Indians for help, especially for trade goods and as guides.  The seriousness of the conflict between emigrants and Indians is distorted by the annihilation of an entire wagon train of emigrants in 1847 and the killing of twenty Indians in 1846 by emigrants.  The number of killings on both sides increased significantly with the gold rush in 1849.


    Estimated emigrants killed by Indians and Indians killed by emigrants:
YEAR
Emigrants
Indians
1840
0
0
1841
0
1
1842
0
0
1843
0
0
1844
0
0
1845
4
1
1846
4
20
1847
24
2
1848
2
2
Unruh, John D., Jr.  The Plains Across.  Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1982. (p. 144)
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[Last updated: April 19, 1998]
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