Documenting "The Other Half": The Social Reform Photography of Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine
Photography and Social ReformJacob RiisLewis HineSlideshows


Alland, Alexander, Sr. Jacob A. Riis: Photographer and Citizen. New York: Aperture, Inc., 1974.

Bremner, Robert H. From the Depths: The Discovery of Poverty in the United States. New York: New York University Press, 1956.

Gutman, Judith Mara. Lewis W. Hine and the American Social Conscience. New York, Walker and Company, 1967.

_____. Lewis W. Hine, 1874-1940: Two Perspectives. New York: Grossman Publishers, 1974.

Hales, Peter B. Silver Cities: The Photography of American Urbanization, 1839-1915. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.

Kaplan, Daile, ed. Photo Story: Selected Letters and Photographs of Lewis W. Hine. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Lane, James B. "For Good Government: Jacob A. Riis' Urban Reform Activities in New York City, 1895-1897." Societas, 1973, 3 (2): 143-157.

_____. Jacob A. Riis and the American City. New York: Kennikat Press, 1974.

Riis, Jacob A. How the Other Half Lives. New York: Penguin Books, 1997.

_____. The Making of an American. New York: MacMillan Co., 1901.

Rosenblum, Naomi, and Walter Rosenblum. America and Lewis Hine: Photographs, 1904-1940. New York: Aperture, Inc., 1977.

Martha A. Sandweiss, ed. Photography in Nineteenth-Century America. Fort Worth, TX: Amon Carter Museum; New York: H.N. Abrams, Inc., 1991.

Sandler, Martin B. The Story of American Photography. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1979.

Strange, Maren. "Jacob Riis and Urban Visual Culture: The Lantern Slide Exhibition as Entertainment and Ideology." Journal of Urban History, 1989, 15 (3): 274-303.

Szasz, Ferenc M., and Ralph F. Bogardus. "The Camera and the American Social Conscience: The Documentary Photography of Jacob A. Riis." New York History, 1974, 55 (4): 409-436.

Trachtenberg, Alan. Reading American Photographs: Images as History. New York: Hill and Wang, 1989.

_____. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. New York: Hill and Wang, 1982.

Trattner, Walter I. Crusade for the Children: A History of the National Child Labor Committee and Child Labor Reform in America. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970.

Jacob Riis:

Yale University—Hypertext, How the Other Half Lives


Lewis Hine:

George Eastman House—Still Photography Collections, Lewis W. Hine Series

Library of Congress—National Child Labor Committee Collection, Photographs by Lewis Hine

The National Child Labor Committee


To compare the work of Riis and Hine to that of other photographers, see the following:

Museum of the City of New York—Gotham Comes of Age: New York Through the Lens of the Byron Company, 1892-1942

Kay Davis, University of Virginia, © 2000-2003