Acus Maxima, Squammosa, Viridis: The Green Gar-Fish.
These Fish arrives to three Feet in Length, have a very long Mouth
or rather Bill, armed with many small Teeth, the Eyes were placed
very low; the upper part of the Body green, the Belly pale red:
it had six Fins, two under the Fore-part of the Belly, two under
the Hind-part of the Belly, and one near the Tail; opposite to which
on the Back was another smaller one; the Tail of an oval Form, of
a Brick red Colour, sprinkled with round black Spots, as were the
two Fins next the Tail, and of the same Colour, the other Fins were
of a fainter red. The whole Body was covered with an entire hard
bony Coat, divided into large Scales, which on the Belly were of
an oblong square Form, and placed obliquely. These Fish are found
in Ponds and froth water Rivers in Virginia.
Frutex aquaticus, floribus luteis, fructu rotundo quinque-capsulari.
These Plants grow usually about twelve Feet high, arising with
innumerable small Stems, alternately bent, from which shoots forth
smaller Twigs, set with small pointed smooth Leaves; the Flowers
grow on the Tops of the Branches before they open, being inclosed
in small brown pointed Periantheums, set on short Foot-stalks;
are hexapetalous, of a deep yellow Colour, with long Apices
of the same Colour: They grow in shallow fresh Water Ponds, in the
Woods of Virginia and Carolina, and in the beginning
of February adorn the Woods, when few other Plants appear
in Blossom: The Flowers are succeeded by small round Capsula's,
which in March and April divide into four Parts and
disclose their Seeds, which are very small, and being dispersed
by the Wind into watery Places, spring up very thick and blossom
in a short Time.