Cenchramidea Arbor Saxis adnescens, obrotundo pingui folio; fructu
pomiformi, in plurimas capsulas granula ficulnea stilo columnari
octogono praeduro adhaerenti continentes, diviso; Balsumum fundens:
These Trees usually grow about six Inches thick, and twenty Feet
in Height, having a smooth light coloured Bark. The Leaves grow
by Pairs, they are thick, and succulent, having a large Rib in the
Middle, from which run transversely narrow streight Lines, parallel
and close to one another: In June it produces ample fair
Flowers, composed of six white Petals, stained with purple In the
Middle of the Flower is formed the Rudiment of the Fruit, which
is almost spherical, and increases to the Size of a midling Apple:
From the Stalk to the Crown of the Fruit runs eight Lines like the
Meridians on a Globe, from Pole to Pole.
When the Fruit becomes ripe it opens at these Lines, and divides
into eight Parts, disclosing many mucilaginous scarlet Seeds, resembling
those of a Pomgranate, the Mucilage being washed off, the Seeds
appear white, and hard, containing a Kernel. These Seeds are contained
in the hollow Furrows of an Octogonal Core. The whole Plant is exceeding
beautiful, and particularly the Structure of the Fruit in all it's
Parts, is a most exquisite Piece of natural Mechanism.
These Trees grow on Rocks, and frequently on the Limbs, and Trunks
of Trees; occasioned by Birds scattering or voiding the Seeds which
being glutinous like those of Misletto, take Root and grow. But
finding not sufficient Nutriment to increase in Growth, the Roots
spread on the Bark or Superficies of the Tree till they find a decayed
Hole or other Lodgment wherein is some small Portion of Soil, into
which they enter and become a Tree: But the Fertility of this Second
Plantation being exhausted, one or more of the Roots are discharged
out of the Hole, and fall directly to the Ground, tho' at forty
Feet distance, here again they take Root, and become a much larger
Tree than before: The Rosin of this Tree is used for the Cure of
Sores in Horses, and also instead of Tallow for Boats and other
Vessels. They grow on the Bahama Islands, and on many other
Islands of America, between the Tropicks.
1. Shews the Appearance of the Flower be fore it opens.
2. The same in another Position.
3. The Flower wide open.
4. The Fruit while young, with the Rosin stick in to it.
5. The Fruit at it's full Size.
6. The Fruit open, and displaying it's scarlet Seeds.