An Account of Carolina and the Bahama Islands.

Of Carolina.

Carolina was first discovered by Sir Sebastian Cabot, a Native of Bristol, in the Reign of King Henry the Seventh about the Year 1500; but the Settling of it being neglected by the English, a Colony of French Protestants, by the Encouragement of Gaspar Coligni Admiral of that Kingdom, were transported thither, and named the Place of their first Settlement Arx Carolina, in honour of their Prince, Charles IX. King of France; but in a short time after, that Colony was by the Spaniards cut off and destroyed, and no other Attempt made by any European Power to resettle it, till the 29th of May, 1664, when Eight hundred English landed at Cape Fear, and took Possession of the Country, and in the Year 1670 King Charles II in pursuance of his Claim by Virtue of the Discovery, granted it to certain noble Persons, with extraordinary Privileges, as appears by the Patent of that King unto George Duke of Albermarle, Edward Earl of Clarendon, William Earl of Craven, John Lord Berkley, Anthony Lord Ashley, Sir George Cartwright, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Collinton, Baronet, who were thereby created true and absolute Lords and Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, to hold the same in Capite of the Crown of England, to them, their Heirs, and Assigns, for ever.


Of the Air of Carolina.

Carolina contains the Northernmost Part of Florida, and lies in the Northern Temperate Zone, between the Latitude of twenty-nine and thirty-six Degrees, thirty Minutes North. It is bounded on the East by the Atlantick Ocean, on the West by the Pacifick or South Sea, on the North by Virginia, and on the South by the remaining Part of Florida. Carolina thus happily situated in a Climate parallel to the best Parts of the Old World, enjoys in some Measure the like Blessings. It is very little incommoded by Excess of either Heat or Cold. June, July, and August are part of them sultry, but where the Country is opened and cleared of Wood, the Winds have a freer Passage and thereby the Heats are much mitigated, and the Air grows daily more healthy. About the middle of August the declining of the Heats begins to be perceiv'd by the Coolness of the Nights, and from September to June following no Country enjoys a more temperate Air. The Winter-Months are so moderate, and the Air is serene, that it sufficiently compensates for the Heats in Summer, in which it has the Advantage of all our other Colonies on the Continent; even in Virginia, tho' joining to Carolina, the Winters are so extreme cold, and the Frosts so intense, that James River where it is three Miles wide, is sometimes froze over in one Night, so as to be passed. The coldest Winds in Carolina usually blow from the North West, which in December and January produce some Days of Frost, but the Sun's Elevation soon dissipates and allays the Sharpness of the Wind, so that the Days are moderately warm, tho' the Nights are cold; after three or four Days of such Weather usually follow warm Sun-shiny Days, thus it continues many Days with some Intervals of cloudy Weather which is succeeded by moderate soaking Showers of Rain, continuing not often longer than a Day, then the Air clears up with a sudden Shift of Wind from South to North-West, which again usually brings cold Days, and so on. Tho'

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