Picus Various Minor, Ventre Luteo: The yellow belly'd Wood-pecker.
Weighs one ounce thirteen penny weight. Its Bill is of a lead colour;
all the upper part of the Head is red, bordered below with a lift
of black under which runs a lift of white, parallel with which runs
a black lift from the Eyes to the back of the Head, under which it
is pale yellow: The throat is red and bordered round with black: On
the Neck and Back the feathers are black and white, with a tincture
of greenish yellow: The Breast and Belly are of a light yellow, with
some black feathers intermix'd: The Wings are black, except towards
the shoulders where there are some white feathers; and both edges
of the Quill-feathers are spotted with White: the Tail is black and
The Hen is distinguishable by not having any red about her.
Picus Varius Minimus: The Smallest Spotted Wood-pecker.
Weighs fourteen penny-weight. It so nearly resmbles the Hairy Wood-pecker,
Tab. 19. in its marks and colour, that were it not for disparity of
size, they might be thought to be the same. The Breast and Belly of
this are light gray: The four uppermost feathers of the Tail are black:
the rest are gradually shorter, and transversely marked with Black
and White: The Legs and Feet are black. Thus far this differs from
the description of the above mentioned.
The Hen differs from the Cock in nothing but wanting the red spot
on its Head.
Quercus alba Virginiana, Park; The White Oak.
This nearest resembles our common English Oak in the shape of its
Leaves, Acorns, and Manner of growing; the Bark is White, the grain
of the Wood fine, for which and its durableness it is esteem'd the
best Oak in Virginia and Carolina. It grows on all kind
of Land; but most on high barren Ground amongst Pine Trees.
There is another kind of white Oak, which in Virginia is called
the Scaly white Oak, with Leaves like this, the Bark white
and scaly, the Wood is of great use in building. They grow on rich
Land both high and low.
Quercus Carolinensis virentibus venis muricata: The White Oak, with
The leaves of this Oak are notched and have sharp points. The Bark
and Wood is white, but has not so close a grain as the precedent.
Dr. Pluknet has figured a leaf shaped like this by the Name
of Quercus Virginiana rubris venis muricata. This has no red
Veins. Vide Pluk. Phytograph. Tab. LIV. fig. 5.
Syringa Baccifera, Myrti subrotundis foliis, floribus albis gemellis
ex provincia Floridana.
This plant grows in moist Places, usually under trees, on which it
sometimes creeps a little way up, but most commonly trails on the
Ground, many Stems rising close together near the Ground, about six
inches long, which have some side Branches: the Leaves are small,
in form of a heart, and grow opposite to each other on very small
foot-stalks: it's Flowers are tetrapetalous, very small, and in form
and colour like those of the white Lilach, and are succeeded by red
berries of an Oval form and of the size of large peas, having two
small holes, and contain many small Seeds. It retains the leaves all