Sitta Capite Nigro: The Nuthatch.
Weighs 13 Penny-weight, 5 graines. The Bill and upper part of the
Head and Neck black, the Back gray: The Wings of a dark brown, edg'd
with light gray; the uppermost two Feathers of the Tail are gray;
the rest black and white. At the vent is a reddish Spot, the Legs
and Feet are brown. The back claw is remarkably bigger and longer
than the rest, which seems necessary to support their body in creeping
down as well as up Trees, in which action they are usually seen pecking
their food (which are Infects) from the chinks or crevices of the
The Hen differs but little from the Cock in the colour of her feathers.
They breed and continue the whole year in Carolina.
Sitta Capite Fusco: The Small Nuthatch.
This weighs six Penny-weight; the Bill black; the upper part of the
Head brown; behind which is a dusky white spot; the Back is gray;
as are the two uppermost tail feathers; the rest being black; the
Wings are dark brown; the Throat and all the under part of the Body
dusky white; the tail is short; the back Toe is largest. They abide
all the Year in Carolina. Their Food, and Manner of taking
it, is the same as that of the larger Nuthatch.
Quercus humilior salicis folio breviore: The Highland Willow Oak.
This is usually a small Tree, having a dark coloured Bark with leaves
of a pale green, and shaped like those of a Willow. It grows on dry
poor land, producing but few Acorns, and those small. Most of these
Oaks are growing at Mr. Fairchild's.