Fringilla Tricolor: The Painted Finch.
This weighs nine Penny weight, and is about the bigness of a Canary
Bird. The Head and upper part of the Neck, of an Ultramarine blue.
The Throat, Breast and Belly of a bright Red: The Back green, inclining
to yellow. The Wings are composed of green, purple and dusky red
Feathers: The Rump red: The Tail dusky red with Mixture of Purple.
Tho' a particular Description may be requisite, in order to give
the more perfect Idea of this Bird, yet its Colours may be comprised
in Three: The Head and Neck are blue; the Belly red, and the Back
green. Its Notes are soft; but have not much Variety. They breed
in Carolina, and affect much to make their Nests in Orange-Trees.
They do not continue there in Winter; nor do they frequent the Upper-parts
of the Country. I never saw one fifty Miles from the Sea. Tho' the
Cock is so elegant, the Hen is as remarkable for her plain Colour,
which is not unlike that of a Hen-Sparrow, but with a faint Tinture
His Excellency, Mr. Johnson, the present Governour of South-Carolina,
kept four or five of these Birds (taken from the Nest) in Cages
two Years; in all which Time the Cocks and Hens varied so little
in Colour, that it was not easy to distinguish them. I have likewise
caught the Cock and Hen from their Nest, and could see little difference,
they being both alike brown. How many Years it is before they come
to their full Colour, is uncertain. When they are brought into this
cold Climate, they lose much of their Lustre, as appear'd by some
I brought along, with me. The Spaniards call this Bird Mariposa
pintada, or the Painted Butterfly.
Alcea Floridana quinque capsularis Laurinus foliis, leviter crenatis,
seminibus coniferarum instar alatis: The Loblolly Bay.
This is a tall and very straight Tree, with a regular Piramidal
shaped Head. Its Leaves are shap'd like those of the commonl Bay,
but serrated. It begins to blossom in May, and continues
bringing forth its Flowers the greatest part of the Summer. The
flowers are fixed to Foot-stalks four or five Inches long; are monopetalous,
divided into five Segments encompassing a Tuft of Stamina,
headed with yellow Apices; which Flowers in November
are succeeded by a conic Capsula having a divided Calix.
The Capsula when ripe opens and divides into five Sections,
disclosing many small half winged Seeds. This Tree reatins its leaves
all the Year, and grows only in wet Places, and usually in Water.
The Wood is somewhat soft; yet I have seen some beautiful Tables
made of it. It grows in Carolina; but not in any of the more