Playwright, producer and theater owner, Augustin Daly opened Daly's in 1879. It is known as "one of the most distinguished theaters in the history of American stage."1 Daly wrote and produced Under the Gaslight in 1867. Gaslight was the first play in which Carrie appeared, while living in Chicago. She later attempted to find stage work at Daly's Theater in New York.
|The Madison Square Theater
After its 1873 fire, Steel MacKaye renovated Daly's first Fifth Avenue Theater and opened the Madison Square in 1879. MacKaye redesigned the theater and included several innovative features including a moving stage for quick scene changes and a primitive air conditioning system. Known for its beautiful interior, the theater was demolished in 1908.
Fifth Avenue Theater (later
Madison Square Theater)
prior to the 1873 fire.
The Lyceum Theater
|The Lyceum Theater
While, over the years many playhouses shared the name, The Lyceum Dreiser refers to in chapter 38 was built in 1885 by Steele MacKaye (who had been forced out of the Madison Square Theater) and located on 4th Avenue between 23rd and 24th Streets. The Lyceum was the first theater to use electric lighting throughout the theater. It was demolished in 1902.
The Empire Theater
For many years, the oldest and most prestigious theater in New York, the Empire was built by Al Hayman and Charles Frohman in 1893. Located in the theater district directly across from the Metropolitan Opera House it focused on producing American plays. The theater's interior was lavishly decorated and the lobby was adorned with portraits of its many stars.