Selected Chronology of the Civil Rights Movement
from Gonna Sit at the Welcome Table, by Julian Bond and Andrew Lewis.

1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
August 12 Whites attach blacks in New York
November 6 William McKinley reelected President; Theodore Roosevelt elected Vice-President.
1901 March 4 North Carolina's George H. White leaves Congress; last black member for more than 25 years.
  September 6 President McKinley assassinated. Roosevelt succeeds him.
October 16 Booker T. Washington (BTW) dines with President Roosevelt at the White House, creating an uproar.
1903   W.E.B. DuBois' (WEBD's) Souls of Black Folk is published, helping to organize criticism of BTW.
1904 August 16 Paul Reed and Willis Cato seized from jailers at their murder trial in Statesboro, Ga., and burned alive.
1905 July 11-13 A group of black intellectuals meets near Niagra Falls and adopts resolutions demanding racial equality.
1906 April 13 Clashes erupt after white civilians taunt black soldiers in Brownsville, Tx.; three white men die. President Roosevely dishonorably discharges the soldiers.
Sept. 22-24 Twenty-one die in Atlanta race riot.
1908   White anti-black riot in Abraham Lincoln's hometown, Springfield, Il., prompts concerned whites to call for a conference which leads to founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.
November 3 William Howard Taft elected President.
1909 February 12 White liberals and black intellectuals, including Jane Addams, Mary White Ovington, WEBD, Oswald Garrison Villard, and John Dewey form the NAACP.
March 31 U.S. occupation of Cuba ends.
November 18 U.S. warships ordered to Nicaragua.
1910 April The National Urban League (NUL) is formed in New York.
1911 March 7 Twenty thousand U.S. troops dispatched to Mexican border.
1912 November 5 Woodrow Wilson elected president.
1914 April 21 U.S. forces seize customs house at Vera Cruz, Mexico; Marines occupy the city.
June 28 Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdidnand assassinated.
1915 January 14 Two hundred whites storm jail in Monticello, Ga. and lynch four blacks, members of the Daniel Barber family.
June 21 Supreme Court outlaws "grandfather clauses" used to deny blacks the franchise in Guinn v. United States.
December 4 Dormant Klu Klux Klan revived under new charter granted by Georgia.
1916 March U.S. troops enter Mexico in search of Pancho Villa
May U.S. Marines land in Santa Domingo, remain until 1924.
November Woodrow Wilson reelected President.
1917 April 2 Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes first woman seated in the House of Representatives.
April 16 United States enters World War I. Three hundred thousand blacks will serve in the way; 1,400 will be commissioned as officers.
July 1-3 At least 40 blacks killed in East St. Louis, Il. race riot.
July 28 NAACP organizes a silent march of 10,000 down Fifth Avenue to protest racism.
August 23 Black soldiers and white civilians clash in Houston, Tx.; 17 whites, two blacks are killed. Thirteen blacks are later executed.
1918 Feb. 19-21 Organized by WEBD, the first Pan-African Congress meets in Paris, concurrently with Paris Peace Conference.
July 13-Oct. 1 More than 25 race riots occur across U.S., leaving over 100 dead and thousands wounded. Eighty-three lynchings reported in 1918.
November 11 World War I ends.
1920 August 1-2 Marcus Garvey's (MG's) Universal Negro Improvement Association's (UNIA's) National Convention meets in New York; MG speaks to 25,000 at Madison Square Garden.
November 2 Warren G. Harding elected President.
1922-23 Oct.-Oct. An estimated 500,000 blacks leave the South. Klan violence increases. Oklahoma placed under martial law because of terrorist activity by the Klan.
1925 May 8 A. Philip Randolph (APR) organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
August 8 Forty thousand Klu Klux Klansmen march down Washington's Pennsylvania Avenue.
1926 May 10 U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua.
1927 March 7 In Nixon v. Herndon, the Supreme Court strikes down a Texas law excluding blacks from Democratic primaries.
December MG, convicted in 1925 for mail fraud, released from federal prison and deported.
1928 November 6 Herbert Hoover elected president. Illinois Republican Congressman Oscar DePriest elected, first black since 1901.
1929 January 15 Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) born in Atlanta.
October 29 Stock market crashes, beginning the Great Depression. Ten lynchings recorded in 1929.
1930 March 31 After President Hoover nominates North Carolina Judge John J. Parker to the Supreme Court, the NAACP leads a successful campaign against his nomination.
June 7 The New York Times announces that the word "Negro" will be spelled with a capital "N."
1931 April 6 Nine black youths accused of raping two white women go on trial in Scottsboro, Al.
1932 November 8 Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) is elected President, promising a "New Deal" to fight the Depression.
1934 July Southern Tenant Farmers' Union organized.
November 7 Black Democrat Arthur Mitchell defeats Rep. DePriest in Chicago.
1934   Elijah Muhammad--born Elijah Poole in Georgia in 1897--succeeds W.D. Fard as leader of the Nation of Islam.
1935 June 25 Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera at Yankee Stadium.
1936 August 9 American Olympian Jesse Owens wins four Gold medals at the Summer Olympics in Berlin, embarrassing Adolph Hitler.
December 8 NAACP successfully files Gibbs v. Board of Education in Montgomery County, Md., equalizing white and black teachers' salaries.
November 3 FDR reelected.
1937 March 26 William H. Hastie becomes the first black federal judge.
June 22 Joe Louis becomes the heavyweight champion by defeating James J. Braddock.
1938 December 12 In Missouri v. ex rel. Gaines, the Supreme Court rules states must provide equal, if seperate, facilities within their boundaries.
1939 March Daughters of the American Revolution refuses Marian Anderson permission to sing at Washington's Constitution Hall; Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes arranges her appearance on Easter Sunday at the Lincoln Memorial, where 75,000 gather to hear her.
1940 February Richard Wright's Native Son becomes a best seller.
March Hattie McDaniel becomes the first black to receive an Oscar for her role as "Mammy" in "Gone with the Wind."
April Virginia legislature adopts black composer James A. Bland's "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" as the state song.
May 26-June 4 British Expeditionary Forces retreat from Dunkirk.
June 10 MG dies in London.
September 27 FDR meets with black leaders to discuss discrimination in the military.
October 8 Senate kills anti-lynching bill.
October 9 White House declares War Department policy is "not to intermingle colored and white enlisted personnel in the same regimental organizations."
October 16 Benjamin O. Davis Sr. makes Brigadier General, becoming the highest ranking black in the armed services.
October 25 FDR meets with Committee on Participation of Negroes in the National Defense Program.
November 5 FDR reelected; Henry Wallace elected Vice-President.
1941 April 12 APR announces "plans for an all-out March of ten-thousand Negroes on Washington are in the making" to protest discrimination in defense industries and the military.
April 28 Supreme Court rules that seperate railroad facilities must be substantially equal.
May 1 March on Washington (MOW) Committee issues a formal call for a July 1 march.
June 13 New York Mayor Fiorella LaGuardia and Eleanor Roosevelt met with APR and MOW leadership
June 15 FDR issues a memorandum saying "I shall expect the Office of Production Management to take immediate steps to facilitate the full utilization of our productive manpower."
June 18 FDR FDR meets with MOW Committee leaders.
June 22 Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union.
June 25 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 establishing the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
June 28 APR announces MOW will be postponed.
Oct. 20-21 FEPC holds its first hearings in Los Angeles.
December 7 Japanese attach Pearl Harbor; U.S. enters World War II December 8.
1942 March Fify black organizations declare "that the Negro people were cool to the war effort because of continued racial discrimination."
June 16 Eighteen thousand blacks pack a New York MOW rally.
June 26 Twenty-six thousand overflow Chicago MOW rally.;
June Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is organized by an interracial group in Chicago.
November 3 Democrat William L. Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago.
1943 May 12-Aug 2 Forty killed in race riots; troops called out in Mobile and Detroit.
1944 April 3 In Smith v. Allwright the Supreme Court rules the white-only primary unconstitutional.
August 1 New York Democrat Adam Clayton Powell elected to Congress.
November 7 FDR reelected President.
December 13 Black women permitted to enter the Women's Naval Corps (WAVES).
1945 March 12 New York establishes the first state FEPC.
April 12 FDR dies; Harry S. Truman (HST) succeeds him.
May 7 Germany surrenders.
June United Nations Charter approved.
July 16 First atomic bomb exploded.
August 6 Hiroshima destroyed by U.S. atomic bomb.
September 2 Japan surrenders; World War II ends. More than one million blacks served.
1946 February 7 Senate filibuster kills bill for permanent FEPC.
February Malcolm Little sentences to ten years in Massachusetts prison for burglary.
June 3 In Morgan v. Virginia the Supreme Court outlaws segregation in interstate bus travel.
December 5 HST names Committess on Civil Rights to investigate racial justice.
1947 April 9 CORE sends "Freedom Riders" on a Journey of Reconciliation through the upper South to test Morgan v. Virginia.
  April 10 Jackie Robinson joins the Brooklyn Dodgers.
October 29 HST's President Committee on Civil Rights releases "To Secure These Rights."
1948 January 12 In Sipuel v. University of Oklahoma, the Supreme Court rules a state must provide a legal education for blacks if it offers a legal education to whites.
March 31 APR tells a U.S. Senate Committee he will urge black youth to refuse induction in the armed services unless discrimination in the Selective Service System is ended.
May 3 In Shelley v. Kramer the Supreme Court rules restrictive housing covenants unenforceable.
June 9 Attorney Oliver Hall elected to the Richmond, Va. City Council.
July 14 Southerners walk out of the Democratic National Convention to protest a civil rights plank.
July 26 HST issues Executive Orders 9980 and 9981 creating a Fair Employment Board to end racial discrimination in federal employment and a President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services.
November 2 HST elected President.
1950 June 5 In Sweatt v. Painter the Supreme Court rules that equality in education requires more than identical physical facilities. In McLaurin v. Oklahoma the Court rules that, once admitted to a previously all-white school, a black students cannot be segregated within the school.
June 27 U.S. enters the Korean War.
1951 February 2 Martinsville Seven executed in Richmond for raping a white woman.
April 24 University of North Carolina admits first black student.
May 8 Willie McGee executed in Mississippi for raping a white woman.
May 24 Washington, D.C., court outlaws segregation in District restaurants.
July 12 Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson calls out the National Guard to suppress a riot against a black family who moved into an all-white neighborhood in Cicero, Il.
October 1 The 24th Infantry, the last all-black Army unit, deactivated.
December 25 NAACP leaders Harry T. and Harriet Moore assassinated in Mims, Fla.
1952 January 12 University of Tennessee admits black students.
August Malcolm Little released from Massachusetts prison.
November 4 Dwight D. Eisenhower (DDE) elected President; Richard M. Nixon (RN) elected Vice-President.
December 30 Tuskeegee Institute reports 1952 was first lynching-free year in 71 years.
1953 March 5 Joseph Stalin dies.
May 7 French forces surrender at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam.
June 8 In District of Columbia v. John R. Thompson Co., Inc. the Supreme Court upholds desegregation of Washington's restaurants.
June 19 Bus boycott protesting unequal treatment begins in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
June 27 Korean armistice signed.
June Dr. Walter Ridley becomes first black graduate of a University of Virginia professional school.
August 4 Riot against integrated housing begins in Chicago.
August 20 Soviet Union announces the explosion of a hydrogen bomb.
1954 May 17 In Brown v. Board of Education the Supreme Court rules unanimously that segregated public schools are inherently unequal and unconstitutional, overturning 1896's Plessy v. Ferguson.
June 29 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) sponsored coup overthrows the government of Guatemala.
July First "White Citizens Council" organzied in Indianola, Mississippi.
July 21 U.S. refuses to sign Geneva Accord on Indochina.
Sept. 7-8 Public schools in Baltimore, Md. and Washington, D.C., desegregated.
September Bobby Bland enters the University of Virginia Engineering School.
November 2 Black Detroit Democrat Charles Diggs elected to Congress.
October White Citizens Council chapter organized in Selma, Alabama.
1955 January 18 DDE establishes President's Committee on Government Policy to enforce a non-discriminatory policy in federal hiring.
April 11 Roy Wilkins becomes the NAACP's Executive Secretary.
May 7 NAACP leader Rev. George Wesley Lee killed Belzoni, Miss.
May 31 In Brown II, the Supreme Court orders schools integrated, "with all deliberate speed."
July 22 Alabama enacts a "Pupil Placement Law" to circumvent school desegregation.
August 1 Georgia teachers are ordered by the State Board of Education to resign from the NAACP or face firing.
August 13 Political activist Lamar Smith killed in Brookhaven, Miss.
August 28 Fourteen-year old Emmett Till kidnapped and murdered in Money, Miss.
November 25 Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) prohibits segregation in public vehicles and waiting rooms used in interstate travel.
October 10 Supreme Court orders Autherine Lucy admitted to the University of Alabama.
October 22 John Earl Reese killed in Mayflower, Tx. by nightstriders opposed to black school improvements.
December 1 Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her sear to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus.
December 5 Parks convicted; a successful one-day boycott held to protest her arrest. MLK is elected leader of boycott organization, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA).
1956 Januaru 30 MLK home bombed in Montgomery.
February 1 MIA files lawsuit against segregation.
February 3 Autherine Lucy admitted to the Universiy of Alabama.
February 7 Alabama students riot; Lucy suspended.
February 21 Montgomery grand jury indicts 115 boycott leaders. Bayard Rustin arrives in Montgomery to advise MLK.
February 28 Rustin, Stanley Levinson, Ella J. Baker organize "In Friendship" in New York to assist southenr activists.
February 29 Lucy expelled for making "false" and "outrageous" statements about university officials.
March 11 Nineteen senators and 81 representatives, in Southern Manifesto, promise to use "all lawful means" to reverse Brown v. Board of Education.
March 22 MLK convicte3d of leading illegal boycott.
April South Carolina State College students boycott classes to protest official harrassment of NAACP.
April 11 Singer Nat "King" Cole attacked on stage in Birmingham.
April 23 Supreme Court overturns South Carolina bus segregation law.
May 27 Florida A&M University students in Tallahassee begin boycott of segregated busses.
June 1 Alabama outlaws NAACP.
June 5 Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth and other organize the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) in Birmingham.
June 5 In Browder v. Gayle three-judge district court rules Montgomery's bus segregation is illegal.
June 30 Tallahassee bus serve is suspended.
  October 23 Hungarian uprising begins.
November 4 Soviet troops attackk Budapest and crush Hungarian revolt.
November 6 DDE defeats Stevenson soundly.
November 13 Supreme Court affirms Montgomery bus segregation ruling.
December 20 MIA ends bus boycott.
December 23 Tallahassee boycott ends; city continues segregation.
December 25 Bomb destroys Shuttlesworth's home.
December 26 Shuttlesworth, others arrested for breaking Birgmingham's bus segregation law.
December 27 Tallahassee bus segregation declared illegal.
1957 January 10-11 Sixty meet at Atlanta's Ebeneezer Baptist Church to form "Sourthern Leadership Conference on Transportation and Nonviolence"; MLK is chosen chairman.
January 23 Willie James Edwards forced by Klansmen to jump to his death from a railroad bridge in Montgomery.
February 14 MLK is elected President of Southern Negro Leadership Conference in New Orleans.
March MLK visits Ghana to attend independence ceremonies.
May 17 MLK addresses 15,000 at Prayer Pilgrimage in Washington at Lincoln Memorial.
June MLK meets Vice President RN. Blacks in Tuskeegee, Alabama, begin boycott to protest gerrymander removing nearly all blacks from city limits.
August Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) holds first convention in Montgomery.
September 9 1957 Civil Rights Act becomes law.
Sept. 24-25 DDE orders federal troops into Little Rock to halt interference with integration of Central High School.
October 4 Soviet Union launches artificial satellite Sputnik.
1958 January Baker sets up SCLC offices in Atlanta.
January 31 U.S. launches satellite Explorer.
February 12 SCLC begins "Crusade for Citizenship."
May Rev. John Tilley becomes SCLC Executive Director.
June 23 MLK, Roy Wilkins, APR and NUL's Lester Granger meet with DDE.
July 15 DDE sends U.S. Marines to Lebanon.
August 19 NAACP Youth Council members in Oklahoma City begin lunch counter sit-in demonstrations.
September 3 MLK arrested in Montgomery.
September 20

MLK stabbed while autographing Stride Toward Freedom in New York.

October 12 Atlanta synagogue burned.
1959 April 15 Tilley resigns; Baker replaces him on temporary basis.
April 25 Mack Charles Parker, accused of rape, is taken from his jail cell and lynched in Poplarville, Miss.
September 7 U.S. Civil Rights Commission asks DDE to appoint federal registrars in areas where blacks are denied vote.
December Fidel Castro's revolutionaries overthrow Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
1960 February 1 Four Greensboro students stage sit-in at Woolworth's Department store.
February 17 Alabama grand jury indicts MLK for tax evasion.
March National Liberation Front (NLF) steps up war against U.S. backed Diem regime in South Vietnam.
March 3 Vanderbilt University expels James Lawson for sit-in participation.
March 7 Felton Turner of Houston beaten and hung upside-down in a tree, initials "KKK" carved into his chest.
March 19 San Antonio becomes first city to integrate lunch counters.
March 20 Florida governor Leroy Collins calls lunch counter segregation "unfair and morally wrong."
April 8 Weak civil rights bill survives Senate filibuster.
April 15-17 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organized at SCLC-sponsored conference at Shaw University, Raleigh, N.C.
April 19 Nashvilel civil rights lawyer Z. Alexander Looby's home bombed.
April 21 1960 Civil Rights Act becomes law.
May 5 Soviet Union announces it has shot down a U.S. U-2 spy plane.
May 28 All white Alabama jury acquits MLK.
June 24 MLK meets Senator John F. Kennedy (JFK).
June 28 Rustin resigns from SCLC after condemnation by Rep. Powell.
July SCLC volunteer Robert Moses, traveling for SNCC, meets Amzie Moore in Mississippi Delta.
July 31 Elijah Muhammad calls for an all-black state. Membership in Nation of Islam estimated at 100,000.
August Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker replaces Baker as SCLC's Executive Director.
September North Vietnam backs NLF against U.S. backed Diem regime.
October 19 MLK, fifty others arreted at sit-in at Atlanta's Rich's Department Store.
October 26 MLK's earlier probation revoked; transferred to Reidsville State Prison.
October 28 After intervention from Robert F. Kennedy (RFK), King is freed on bond.
November 8 JFK defeats RN, winning by 119,000 votes out of 68,800,000 cast.
December In Boynton v. Virginia, Supreme Court prohibits segregation in waiting rooms and restaurants serving interstate bus passengers.
1961 January 11 Riot suspends two black students desegregating University of Georgia.
January 18 DDE's farewell address warns against "acquisition of unwarranted influence...by the military-industrial complex."
January 31 CORE's Tom Gaither, nine students arrested in Rock Hill, South Carolina.
March 13 CORE announces Freedom Ride.
April 17 CIA trained Cuban exiles unsuccessfully invade Cuba.
May 4 CORE Freedom Ride begins from Washington, D.C., to New Orleans to test Boynton v. Virginia.
May 14 Freedom Riders attacked by mobs in Anniston, Alabama and Birmingham.
May 17 Nashville students take up Freedom Ride.
May 20 Riders assaulted in Montgomery.
May 21-22 Riders beseiged in Montgomery church; RFK sends federal marshals.
June-August Justice Department initiates talks with civil rights groups, foundations on beginning Voter Education Project (VEP).
July SCLC begins citizenship classes; Andrew J. Young hired to direct the program. Moses arrives in McComb.
September James Forman becomes SNCC's Executive Secretary.
September 23 ICC, at RFK's insistence, issues new rules ending discrimination in interstate travel, effective December 1, 1961.
September 25 Voter registration activist Herbert Lee killed in McComb, Mississippi.
October SNCC workers Charles Sherrod and Cordell Reagon arrive in Albany, Ga.
November 17 Albany Movement formed.
December 1 Albany "Freedom Riders" arrested.
Dec. 11-15 Five hundred arrested in Albany.
December 16 MLK arrested in Albany.
December 18 Albany truce; MLK leaves town.
1962 Jan. 18-20 Student protests over sit-in leaders' expulsions at Baton Rouge's Southern University, the nation's largest black school, close it down.
February 26 Segregated transportation facilities, both interstate and intrastate, ruled unconstitutional by Supreme Court.
March SNCC workers sit-in RFK's office to protest jailings in Baton Rouge.
March 20 FBI installs wiretaps on Levison's office.
April 3 Full racial integration of military reserve units, except the National Guard, ordered by the Defense Department.
April 9 Corporal Roman Duckworth shot by a police officer in Taylorsville, Miss.
June Leroy Willis becomes first black graduate of the University of Virginia College or Arts & Sciences. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara visits South Vietnam, says "We're winning this war." SNCC workers establish voter registration projects in rural Southwest Ga.
July 10-Aug. 28 SCLC renews protests in Albany; MLK in jail July 10-12 & July 27-August 10.
September 9 Two balck churches used by SNCC for voter registration meetings burned in Sasser, Ga.
Sept. 30-Oct.1 Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black orders James Meredith admitted to Ole Miss. Meredith enrolls; riot ensues. French photographer Paul Guihard and Oxford resident Ray Gunter are killed.
October Leflore County, Miss., supervisors cut off surplus food distribution in retaliation against voter drive.
October 23 FBI begins Communist Infiltration (COMINFIL) investigation of SCLC.
Oct. 14-28 Cuban missle crisis.
Nov. 7-8 Edward Brooke elected Massachusetts Attorney General, Leroy Johnson Georgia State Senator, Augustus Hawkins first black from California in Congress.
November 20 RFK authorizes wire tap on Levison's home phone.
November 20 JFK upholds 1960 campaign promise to eliminate housing segregation with "stroke of a pen."
1963 January SNCC's Moses, six otehrs, sue RFK and J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director, for failure to enforce laws demanding protection of civil rights workers.
January 9-10 SCLC meets in Dorchester, Ga., to plan Birmingham campaign.
January 28 Harvey Gantt enrolls in Clemson College.
February SNCC workers begin project in Selma.
February 6 MLK and Walker meet in Brimingham with ACMHR board.
February 28 SNCC worker Jimmy Travis shot outside Greenwood, Miss.
March 5 Mayoral results delay Birmingham campaign until run-off.
April 2 Albert Boutwell defeats Eugene "Bull" Connor for Mayor of Birmingham.
April 3 SCLC and ACMHR begin Birmingham protests.
April 12-20 MLK writes "Letter from Birmingham Jail."
April 23 Baltimore postal worker and CORE volunteer William Moore killed in Atalla, Al., while on a march from Baltimore to Jackson, Miss.
May Buddhist revolt begins with Diem regime in South Vietnam.
May 2-7 SCLC organizes children's demonstrations in Birmingham.
May 8 SCLC suspends demonstrations.
May 10 ACMHR and SCLC sign Birmingham desegregation agreement.
May 31 Danville, Va., demonstrations begin.
June 11 Alabama Governor George C. Wallace fails to halt admission of black student at University of Alabama; JFK federalizes National Guard and promises additional civil rights legislation.
June 12 Mississippi NAACP Field Secretary Medgar Evers is assassinated in Jackson, Miss.
June 12 After night rioting, SCLC suspends demonstrations in Savannah, Ga.
June 21 Danville grand jury indicts SNCC workers for "inciting the colored population to acts of violence against the white population."
June-August Civil rights protests in almost every American city.
July 22 MLK adn other civil rights leaders meet JFK to discuss March on Washington. Burke Marshall, RFK and JFK tell King to end relationship with Jack O'Dell and Levison.
July 22 FBI requests wiretaps on New York home of SCLC lawyer Clarence Jones; RFK approves.
August 2 Savannah desegregation agreement reached.
August Three SNCC workers and CORE worker indicted for inciting insurrection in Americus, Ga. Federal grand jury in Macon indicts nine Albany Movement leaders and SNCC worker for conspiracy to obstruct justice.
August 28 Two hundred fifty thousand gather at March on Washington as MLK gives "I Have a Dream" speech.
September 15 Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church bombed; four girls--Addie Mae Collins, Carole Denise McNair, Carole Rosamond Robertson, Cynthia Diane Wesley--are killed. Later that day, a white youth shoots and kills 13-year old Virgil Ware.
October 21 RFK approves wiretap on MLK's home, New York and Atlanta SCLC offices.
October 22 Two hundred and fifty thousand school children boycott Chicago's segregated schools.
November 2 U.S. sanctioned coup in South Vietnam leads to Diem's overthrow and murder.
November 22 JFK assassinated in Dallas.
December 3 MLK meets President Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ).
December 23 FBI holds Washington meeting to discuss discrediting MLK.
1964 January 5-7 FBI conducts microphone surveillance of MLK's room at Washington's Willar Hotel; 14 other "bugs" are used against him between January, 1964 and November ,1965.
January 27 FBI installs "misur" (microphone surveillance) at MLK's Milwaulkee hotel room.
January 31 Louis Allen, witness to September 25, 1961 Herbert Lee slaying, killed in McComb.
Jan.-Feb. James Bevel and Diane Nash draft plan for massive Alabama right-to-vote demonstrations.
March 12 Malcolm X announces withdrawal from the Nation of Islam.
Mar. 28-Apr. 4 SCLC demonstrations in St. Augustine, Florida.
April 26 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) founded in Jackson.
Spring Alabama Governor Wallace enters Democratic Presidential Primaries in Maryland, Wisconsin and Indiana.
June 13 Summer volunteers begin training in Oxford, Oh.
June 21 CORE worker Mickey Schwermer, volunteer Andrew Goodman & CORE volunteer James Chaney disappear near Philadelphia, Miss.
July 2 1964 Civil Rights Act--integrating public accomodations--becomes law.
July 7 FBI installs three additional "technical surveillances" at Atlanta SCLC office.
July 11 Klu Klux Klansmen shoot and kill Lt. Colonel Lemeul Augustus Penn near Colbert, Georgia.
July 12 The lower half of Charles Eddie Moore's body and the headless body of Henry Hezekiah Dee pulled from Mississippi River near Tallulah, La.; FBI believes they wre murdered by Klansmen May 2.
July 18-Aug. 30 Racial disturbances sweep urban America.
July 29 SCLC, NAACP and NUL agree to demonstration moratorium until after presidential election; SNCC and CORE reject moratorium.
July Walker leaves SCLC; Young becomes Executive Director.
August 2-3 North Vietnamese boats allegedly attack U.S. ships in Gulf og Tonkin; LBJ orders retalitory attack.
August 4 Bodies fo Schwermer, Goodman, and Chaney are found in an earthen dam near Phildelphia, Miss.
August 7 House (416-0) and Senate (88-2) pass "Gulf of Tonkin Resolution," approving U.S. action in Southeast Asia.
Aug. 22-27 MFDP contests seating of all-white regular Democrats at Atlantic City Convention.
August 28 Rioting breaks out in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
August 30 LBJ signs Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
September 6 14-year old Herbert Oarsby's body pulled from the Big Black River near Canton, Miss., dressed in a CORE t-shirt.
September 11 SNCC delegation visits Guinea, West Africa.
September 25 LBJ says "We don't want our American boys to do the fighting for Asian boys. We don't want to...get tied down in a land war in Asia."
Sept. 28-30 SCLC convention endorses LBJ
October 14 MLK wins Nobel Peace Prize
October SNCC's John Lewis and Don Harris meet with Malcolm X in Nairobi. Nikita Krushchev falls from power in Soviet Union.
November 3 LBJ defeats Barry Goldwater with 61% of the popular vote.
November 18 Hoover calls MLK "the most notorious liar in America."
1965 January 2 MLK, SCLC join Selma vote campaign.
January 5 MLK discovers FBI blackmail letter and tape.
Febr. 1-5 MLK in Selma jail.
February 6 Viet Cong attack U.S. base at Pleiku; LBJ orders bombing of North Vietnam.
February 9 MLK discusses need for voting legislation with Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach, Vice President Hubert Humphrey and LBJ.
February 18 State troopers attack marchers to site of March 7 attack, turns around.
February 26 Jackson dies; bevel proposes Selma to Montgomery march.
March 2 LBJ orders continuous bombing of North Vietnam.
March 7 Police, troopers attack marchers at Selma's Edmund Pettis Bridge.
March 8 3,500 U.S. Marines land at Da Nang.
March 9 MLK leads marchers to site of March 7 attack, turns around.
March 11 Rev. James Reeb dies after attack by Selma whites.
March 15 LBJ announces voting rights legislation.
March 16 SNCC Montgomery marchers attacked by mounted police.
March 22-25 Selma to Montgomery march. Detroit housewife Viola Liuzzo murdered as she drives marchers back to Selma.
April 17 25,000 march against war in Washington, SNCC's Moses speaks.
Spril 28 LBJ sends Marines to Dominican Republic.
June 2 Black deputy sherriff Oneal Moore killed by nightriders near Varnado, La.
July 18 Willie Brewster killed by nightriders in Annisto, Alabama.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
1900 July 24-27 Black homes and schools destroyed in New Orleans race riot.
November 6 DDE defeats Stevenson soundly.